Prevalence of Diabetes in Persons with Disabilities in Primary Care
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This research was designed to answer the question: Does the prevalence of diabetes differ between adults with and without disability, in the same family medicine practice? A retrospective cohort design was used, to study diabetes among adults, with sensory, trauma, developmental, and psychiatric disabilities so comparisons can be made between disability groups and to comparison patients without disabilities. There was a 5.3 fold risk for diabetes, given obesity, for patients with sensory disabilities, a 3.6 fold risk for patients with trauma disabilities, a 4.1 fold risk for adults with developmental disabilities, and a 3.1 fold risk for adults with psychiatric disability, compared to those with the same disability without obesity. The general principle that obesity is a major risk factor for the onset of Type 2 diabetes holds true and the actual risk for diabetes given obesity, is not significantly different between patients with and without disability.
KeywordsDiabetes Disability Obesity
This publication was supported by Cooperative Agreement Number R04/CCR418776 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official view of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
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