Wheelchair-Bound Persons with Multiple Disabilities Learning to Use Simple Foot–Leg Responses Within a Microswitch-Based Program

  • Giulio E. Lancioni
  • Nirbhay N. Singh
  • Mark F. O'Reilly
  • Giorgia Piazzolla
  • Sara Pidala
  • Doretta Oliva


Two wheelchair-bound adults with multiple disabilities were taught to use simple foot-leg responses to control environmental stimulation within a microswitch-based program.During the program, recording was also made of their mood (indices of happiness) and interviews were conducted with 10 health professionals on the possible benefits of the foot-leg responses.Data showed that both participants learned to use the foot-leg responses andmaintained them at high frequencies during the course of the study lasting about 3 months.They also had a substantial increase in their indices of happiness.Interview data indicated that the foot-leg responses were considered benefi-cial in terms of body awareness and muscular trophism. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Key Words

foot–leg responses indices of happiness microswitches multiple disabilities wheelchair-bound persons 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giulio E. Lancioni
    • 1
    • 5
  • Nirbhay N. Singh
    • 2
  • Mark F. O'Reilly
    • 3
  • Giorgia Piazzolla
    • 4
  • Sara Pidala
    • 4
  • Doretta Oliva
    • 4
  1. 1.University of BariBariItaly
  2. 2.ONE Research InstituteChesterfield
  3. 3.University of Texas at AustinAustin
  4. 4.Lega F. D'Oro Research CenterOsimoItaly
  5. 5.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BariBariItaly

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