Perspectives on Healthcare Provider Well-Being: Looking Back, Moving Forward

  • Lauren Penwell-Waines
  • Wendy Ward
  • Heather Kirkpatrick
  • Patrick Smith
  • Marwan Abouljoud


Recognizing the impact of healthcare professional (HCP) burnout has led to vigorous interest from organizations and individuals regarding how to most effectively promote HCP well-being. The present paper reviews the literature on HCP well-being and describes factors that impact well-being at various levels (i.e., system, institution, program, interpersonal, and individual). We propose that change must occur at all levels to have the greatest impact. Further, we highlight opportunities to advance research on HCP well-being (e.g., being more inclusive regarding study populations and designing longitudinal intervention studies).


Burnout Well-being Wellness Resilience 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors Lauren Penwell-Waines, Wendy Ward, Heather Kirkpatrick, Patrick Smith and Marwan Abouljoud declares that they do not have conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

No human or animal studies were performed by the authors for this article.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Novant Health Family Medicine ResidencyCorneliusUSA
  2. 2.Department of PediatricUAMS College of MedicineLittle RockUSA
  3. 3.Genesys Regional Medical CenterFlintUSA
  4. 4.University of Mississippi Medical CenterJacksonUSA
  5. 5.Henry Ford HospitalDetroitUSA

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