Patient-Reported Outcomes Following Living Kidney Donation: A Single Center Experience

  • James R. Rodrigue
  • Tanya Vishnevsky
  • Aaron Fleishman
  • Tracy Brann
  • Amy R. Evenson
  • Martha Pavlakis
  • Didier A. Mandelbrot


This article describes the development and implementation of an initiative at one transplant center to annually assess psychosocial outcomes of living kidney donors. The current analysis focuses on a cohort of adults (n = 208) who donated a kidney at BIDMC between September 2005 and August 2012, in which two post-donation annual assessments could be examined. One and two year post-donation surveys were returned by 59 % (n = 123) and 47 % (n = 98) of LKDs, respectively. Those who did not complete any survey were more likely to be younger (p = 0.001), minority race/ethnicity (p < 0.001), and uninsured at the time of donation (p = 0.01) compared to those who returned at least one of the two annual surveys. The majority of donors reported no adverse physical or psychosocial consequences of donation, high satisfaction with the donation experience, and no donation decision regret. However, a sizable minority of donors felt more pain intensity than expected and recovery time was much slower than expected, and experienced a clinically significant decline in vitality. We describe how these outcomes are used to inform clinical practice at our transplant center as well as highlight challenges in donor surveillance over time.


Living donation Kidney donation Psychosocial Outcomes 



Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center


Body mass index


Living kidney donor


National Living Donor Assistance Center


Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network


Quality Assessment and Performance Improvement


Reliable Change Index


United Network for Organ Sharing



We are grateful to the following individuals for their assistance in the implementation of this initiative: Jonathan Berkman, Jodi-Ann Dattadeen, Lauren Finnigan, Betsy Gray-Chrzan, Douglas Hanto, Alexa Hiley, Linda Lentz, Maeve Moore, Matthew Paek, Denny Tsai, and Linda Walsh. Preparation of this article was supported by Award Number R01DK085185 (Rodrigue, Mandelbrot, Pavlakis) from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases or the National Institutes of Health.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights and Informed Consent

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation of the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center whose Institutional Review Board approved the protocol for data collection and use as “Exempt,” and so ruled that informed consent was not required. Additionally, all procedures followed were in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • James R. Rodrigue
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tanya Vishnevsky
    • 1
  • Aaron Fleishman
    • 1
  • Tracy Brann
    • 1
  • Amy R. Evenson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Martha Pavlakis
    • 1
    • 2
  • Didier A. Mandelbrot
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Transplant Outcomes and Quality Improvement, Transplant InstituteBeth Israel Deaconess Medical CenterBostonUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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