Factors Associated with Posttraumatic Growth Among Myocardial Infarction Patients: Perceived Social Support, Perception of the Event and Coping
- 676 Downloads
Posttraumatic Growth (PTG) is accepted as positive transformations that are a product of struggling with significant stressors such as chronic illness. A model, conceptualized by Schaefer and Moos (Posttraumatic growth: Positive changes in the aftermath of crisis, pp 99–126, 1998), suggests a relative contribution of environmental and individual resources, perception of the event (PE) and coping in the development of PTG. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of perceived social support (PSS), PE and coping on PTG. This model was tested in a sample of patients with myocardial infarction (MIP, N = 148) from various hospitals in Turkey. The structural equation analysis of the model revealed that PSS was significantly related to PTG through the effect of coping. While coping was significantly and directly related to PTG, PE was not. The findings are discussed in the context of the theoretical model with suggestions for future research.
KeywordsPosttraumatic growth Perceived social support Perception of the event Coping Myocardial infarction patients
- Aldwin, C. M., & Sutton, K. J. (1998). A developmental perspective on posttraumatic growth. In R. G. Tedeschi, C. L. Park, & L. G. Calhoun (Eds.), Posttraumatic growth: Positive changes in the aftermath of crisis (pp. 43–64). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum AssociatesGoogle Scholar
- Allan, R., & Scheidt, S. (2006). Empirical basis for cardiac psychology. In S. Scheidt (Ed.), Heart and mind: The practice of cardiac psychology (pp. 1–69). Washington: APA Publications.Google Scholar
- Arat, N., Gülel, N., & Sabah, İ. (2005). Did death ratio of acute myocardial infarctus decrease in recent years? Unique center results in elder patient: Original article. Journal of Anatolia Cardiology, 5, 101–115.Google Scholar
- Arbuckle, J. L. (2006). Amos (Version 7.0) [Computer Program]. Chicago: SPSS.Google Scholar
- Bozo, O., Gundogdu, E., & Buyukasik-Colak, C. (2009). The moderating role of different sources of perceived social support on the dispositional optimism- posttraumatic growth relationship in postoperative breast cancer patients. Journal of Health Psychology, 14, 1009–1020. doi: 10.1177/1359105309342295.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Browne, M. W., & Cudeck, R. (1993). Alternative ways of assessing model fit. In K. A. Cadell, S., Regehr, C., & Hemsworth, D. (2003). Factors contributing to posttraumatic growth: A proposed structural equation model. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 73, 279–287.Google Scholar
- Calhoun, L. G., & Tedeschi, R. G. (1998b). Posttraumatic growth: Future directions. In R. G. Tedeschi, C. L. Park, & L. G. Calhoun (Eds.), Posttraumatic growth: Positive changes in the aftermath of crisis (pp. 215–238). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Delon, M. (2006). The patient in the CCU waiting room: In hospital treatment of the cardiac spouse. In R. A & S. Scheidt (Eds.), Heart and mind: The practice of cardiac psychology (pp. 421–433). Washington, DC: APA Publications.Google Scholar
- Dirik, G. (2006). Predictor variables of depression, anxiety and posttraumatic growth among rheumatoid arthritis patients. Unpublished doctorate thesis, Middle East Technical University, Ankara.Google Scholar
- Durak, M., Senol-Durak, E., & Gençoz, T. (in press). Psychometric properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) among Turkish university students, correctional officers, and elderly adults. Social Indicators Research. doi: 10.1007/s11205-010-9589-4.
- Eker, D., & Arkar, H. (1995). Factorial structure, validity, and reliability of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support. Turk Psikoloji Dergisi, 10, 45–55.Google Scholar
- Fortune, D., Richards, H., Griffiths, C., & Main, C. (2005). Adversarial growth in patients undergoing treatment for psoriasis: A prospective study of the ability of patients to construe benefits from negative events. Psychology, Health and Medicine, 10, 44–56. doi: 10.1080/13548500512331315352.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- McVeigh, S. D. (2005). The effects of time and challenge on stress related growth. Unpublished doctorate thesis, University of North Carolina, South Carolina.Google Scholar
- O’Leary, V. E., Alday, C. S., & Ickovics, J. R. (1998). Models of life change and posttraumatic growth. In R. G. Tedeschi, C. L. Park, & L. G. Calhoun (Eds.), Posttraumatic growth: Positive changes in the aftermath of crisis (pp. 127–152). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Rohrbaugh, M. J., Cranford, J. A., Shoham, V., Nicklas, J. M., Sonnega, J. S., & Coyne, J. C. (2002). Couples coping with congestive heart failure: Role and gender differences in psychological distress. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 3–13. doi: 10.1037//0893-3126.96.36.199.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Rosamond, W., Flegal, K., Furie, K., Go, A., Greenlund, K., Haase, N., et al. (2008). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2008 update: A report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation, 117, E25–E146. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.187998.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Schaefer, J. A., & Moos, R. H. (1998). The context for posttraumatic growth: Life crises, individual and social resources, and coping. In R. G. Tedeschi, C. L. Park, & L. G. Calhoun (Eds.), Posttraumatic growth: Positive changes in the aftermath of crisis (pp. 99–126). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Schumacker, R. E., & Lomax, R. G. (2008). A beginner’s guide to structural equation modeling. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Senol-Durak, E., & Ayvasik, H. B. (in press). Factors associated with posttraumatic growth among the spouses of myocardial infarction patients. Journal of Health Psychology. doi: 10.1177/1359105309342472.
- Senol-Durak, E., Durak, M., & Elagöz, F. Ö. (in press). Testing the psychometric properties of the Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ) in Turkish university students and community samples. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy. doi: 10.1002/cpp.677.
- Senol-Durak, E., & Gencoz, F. (in press). Factors associated with the symptoms of depression and anxiety among male Turkish prisoners: A life crisis and personal growth model perspective. Journal of Forensic Psyhiatry and Psychology. doi: 10.1080/14789941003624106.
- Sheikh, A. I., & Marotta, S. A. (2008). Best practices for counseling in cardiac rehabilitation settings. Journal of Counseling and Development, 86, 111–119.Google Scholar
- Siva, N. A. (1991). Coping with stress, learned helplessness and depression in infertility. Unpublished doctoral thesis, Hacettepe University, Ankara.Google Scholar
- Tabachnik, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (1996). Using multivariate statistics. New York: Harper Collins College.Google Scholar
- Tedeschi, R. G., & Calhoun, L. G. (2003). Routes to posttraumatic growth through cognitive processing. In D. Paton, J. M. Volanti, & L. M. Smith (Eds.), Promoting capabilities to manage posttraumatic stress (pp. 12–26). Springfield: H. Thomas.Google Scholar
- Tokgözoğlu, L. (2004). Definition identification of the risk of acute coronary syndrome. Turkish Clinics of Cardiology, 1, 72–75.Google Scholar