Type D Personality and Chronic Pain: Construct and Concurrent Validity of the DS14

  • Michael D. Barnett
  • Tracey Ledoux
  • Luz M. Garcini
  • Jeff BakerEmail author


A body of research has demonstrated that the Type D personality is a risk factor among cardiac patients. Previous studies validating the Type D Scale (DS14) across other clinical groups have not included chronic pain patients in their samples. The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct and concurrent validity of the DS14 using the MMPI-2. The DS14 and its two component subscales demonstrated strong internal consistency among chronic pain patients. The two subscales of the DS14 were found to be related to similar clinical scales on the MMPI-2, and significant differences were found in the MMPI-2 profiles of individuals with and without the Type D personality. Considerations for clinical practice and research are discussed.


Chronic pain Type D personality Type D Validation DS14 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael D. Barnett
    • 1
  • Tracey Ledoux
    • 2
  • Luz M. Garcini
    • 3
  • Jeff Baker
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Educational PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Houston-Clear LakeHoustonUSA
  4. 4.Psychology Training ProgramUniversity of Texas Medical BranchGalvestonUSA

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