Oesophageal balloon calibration during pressure support ventilation: a proof of concept study
- 29 Downloads
Oesophageal balloon calibration improves the oesophageal pressure (Pes) assessment during invasive controlled mechanical ventilation. The primary aim of the present investigation was to ascertain the feasibility of oesophageal balloon calibration during pressure support ventilation (PSV). Secondarily, the calibrated Pes (Pescal) was compared to uncalibrated one acquired at 4 ml-filling volume (PesV4), as per manufacturer recommendation. After a naso-gastric tube equipped with oesophageal balloon was correctly positioned in 21 adult patients undergoing invasive volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, the balloon was progressively inflated, applying a series of end-inspiratory and end-expiratory holds at each filling volume during VCV and PSV. Upon optimal balloon filling volume (Vbest) was identified, Pescal was computed by correcting the Pes measured at Vbest for the oesophageal wall pressure elicited at same filling volume. Finally, end-expiratory and end-inspiratory PesV4 were recorded too. A total of 42 calibrations, 21 per ventilatory mode, were performed. Vbest was 1.9 ± 1.6 ml in VCV and 1.7 ± 1.6 ml in PSV (p = 0.5217). PesV4 was overestimated compared to Pescal at end-expiration and end-inspiration (p <0.0001 for all comparisons) in both VCV (13.4 ± 3.4 cmH2O and 15.4 ± 3 cmH2O vs. 8.5 ± 2.9 cmH2O and 11.4 ± 3 cmH2O) and PSV (14.7 ± 4.2 cmH2O and 17 ± 3.9 cmH2O vs. 8.9 ± 3.4 cmH2O and 12.4 ± 3.9 cmH2O). In PSV, oesophageal balloon calibration is feasible and allows to obtain a reliable Pes assessment compared to uncalibrated approach.
KeywordsManometry Oesophagus Artefacts Artificial respiration
The present investigation has been conducted employing institutional funding (Department of Translational Medicine, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy) for oesophageal catheters purchasing.
Prof. Paolo Navalesi reports grants, personal fees and non-financial support from Maquet Critical Care, grants and non-financial support from Draeger, grants and non-financial support from Intersurgical S.p.A, personal fees from Oriopharma, personal fees from Philips, personal fees from Resmed, personal fees from MSD, personal fees from Novartis, outside the submitted work. In addition, Prof. Navalesi has a patent helmet Next with royalties paid to Intersurgical Spa, and a patent EP20170199831 pending. Prof. Pesenti reports personal fees from Maquet, personal fees from Xenios, personal fees from Baxter, personal fees from Boehringer Ingelheim, outside the submitted work. Dr. Mauri reports personal fees from Drager, personal fees from Fisher and Paykel, outside the submitted work.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
No conflict of interest exists for Gianmaria Cammarota, Federico Verdina, Erminio Santangelo, Gianluigi Lauro, Ester Boniolo, Riccardo Tarquini, Elena Spinelli, Eugenio Garofalo, Andrea Bruni, Francesco Della Corte, and Rosanna Vaschetto.
- 23.Younes M, Webster K, Kun J, Roberts D, Masiowski B. A method for measuring passive elastance during proportional assist ventilation. Ajrccm. 2001;164:50–60.Google Scholar
- 24.MacIntyre NR. Respiratory function during pressure support ventilation. Chest. Am Coll Chest Phys. 1986;89:677–83.Google Scholar