Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 87–99 | Cite as

Impact of early haemodynamic goal-directed therapy in patients undergoing emergency surgery: an open prospective, randomised trial

  • Gordana Pavlovic
  • John Diaper
  • Christoph Ellenberger
  • Angela Frei
  • Karim Bendjelid
  • Fanny Bonhomme
  • Marc Licker
Original Research

Abstract

Haemodynamic goal-directed therapies (GDT) may improve outcome following elective major surgery. So far, few data exist regarding haemodynamic optimization during emergency surgery. In this randomized, controlled trial, 50 surgical patients with hypovolemic or septic conditions were enrolled and we compared two algorithms of GDTs based either on conventional parameters and pressure pulse variation (control group) or on cardiac index, global end-diastolic volume index and stroke volume variation as derived from the PiCCO monitoring system (optimized group). Postoperative outcome was estimated by a composite index including major complications and by the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) Score within the first 3 days after surgery (POD1, POD2 and POD3). Data from 43 patients were analyzed (control group, N = 23; optimized group, N = 20). Similar amounts of fluid were given in the two groups. Intraoperatively, dobutamine was given in 45 % optimized patients but in no control patients. Major complications occurred more frequently in the optimized group [19 (95 %) versus 10 (40 %) in the control group, P < 0.001]. Likewise, SOFA scores were higher in the optimized group on POD1 (10.2 ± 2.5 versus 6.6 ± 2.2 in the control group, P = 0.001), POD2 (8.4 ± 2.6 vs 5.0 ± 2.4 in the control group, P = 0.002) and POD 3 (5.2 ± 3.6 and 2.2 ± 1.3 in the control group, P = 0.01). There was no significant difference in hospital mortality (13 % in the control group and 25 % in the optimized group). Haemodynamic optimization based on volumetric and flow PiCCO-derived parameters was associated with a less favorable postoperative outcome compared with a conventional GDT protocol during emergency surgery.

Keywords

Haemodynamic monitoring Postoperative complications Emergency surgery Cardiac output Inotropes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gordana Pavlovic
    • 1
  • John Diaper
    • 1
  • Christoph Ellenberger
    • 1
  • Angela Frei
    • 1
  • Karim Bendjelid
    • 1
    • 2
  • Fanny Bonhomme
    • 1
  • Marc Licker
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anaesthesiology, Pharmacology and Intensive CareUniversity Hospital GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Faculty of medecineUniversity of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

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