Non-invasive Cardiac Output by Transthoracic Electrical Bioimpedence in Post-cardiac Surgery Patients: Comparison with Thermodilution Method

  • Arunodaya R. Gujjar
  • K. Muralidhar
  • Sanjay Banakal
  • Ratan Gupta
  • Talakad N. Sathyaprabha
  • P. S. Jairaj
Article

Abstract

Objective

Thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) cardiac output (CO) is being explored increasingly as a non-invasive alternative to the pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). This study compared TEB-CO measured using a new instrument – NICOMON (Larsen & Toubro Ltd. India) with thermodilution (Td) CO in post-cardiac surgery patients.

Methods

Postoperative cardiac surgical patients requiring a PAC for their management were studied. TEB-CO was measured by passing a 4 mA RMS alternating current across the chest and measuring the analog bioimpedence across the thorax. Kubicek equation was used to estimate TEB-CO. Td-CO was measured using a PAC. Bland-Altman analysis was used to compare paired data.

Results

One hundred and ninety-seven pairs of CO measurements were made by the two methods among 35 patients. Mean TEB-CO was 5.15 ± 1.27 l/min and mean Td-CO was 5.22 ± 1.28 l/min. Pearson correlation coefficient (r) for these measurements was 0.856 (P < 0.01), with bias −0.0651 l and precision: ±1.37 l/min. The percentage error of measurement of this precision was 26.44%. Cardiac index also correlated among the two methods (r = 0.789; P = 0.01).

Conclusions

Thoracic electrical bioimpedance cardiac output compares favorably with thermodilution method among post-cardiac surgery patients. Further studies are indi- cated with this instrument to validate its efficacy in various clinical situations and utility in monitoring hemodynamic interventions.

Keywords

Thoracic electrical bioimpedance Bioimpedance cardiac output Cardiac output Noninvasive cardiac output 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arunodaya R. Gujjar
    • 1
  • K. Muralidhar
    • 3
  • Sanjay Banakal
    • 3
  • Ratan Gupta
    • 4
  • Talakad N. Sathyaprabha
    • 2
  • P. S. Jairaj
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyNational Institute of Mental Health & NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of NeurophysiologyNational Institute of Mental Health & NeurosciencesBangaloreIndia
  3. 3.Department of AnaesthesiologyNarayana Hrudayalaya Institute of Cardiac SciencesBangaloreIndia
  4. 4.Department of Intensive CareNarayana Hrudayalaya Institute of Cardiac SciencesBangaloreIndia
  5. 5.Department of Cardiac SurgeryNarayana Hrudayalaya Institute of Cardiac SciencesBangaloreIndia

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