Potential Nematicidal Properties of Silver Boron Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization, In Vitro and In Vivo Root-Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) Treatments

  • Ahmed I. El-Batal
  • Mohamed S. Attia
  • Mohamed M. Nofel
  • Gharieb S. El-SayyadEmail author
Original Paper


The purpose of this work is to evaluate the anti-nematode activity of silver boron nanoparticles (AgB NPs) synthesized by PVP polymer and gamma rays as a novel cost-effective and eco-friendly green method. AgB NPs were structurally identified by UV–Vis., XRD, HRTM, DLS, FTIR, SEM and EDX mapping analysis. A suggested reaction mechanism was considered. In-vitro and in vivo nematicidal potential of AgB NPs against root-knot Meloidogyne incognita was examined. HRTEM image exhibited spherical AgB NPs with a diameter of 29.55 nm. FTIR spectrum explains that there is a continuous reduction of ions due to PVP oxidation. AgB NPs possesses an encourage anti-nematode against M. incognita causing root-knot in the tomato plant. Treatment 3 exhibited the maximum mortality as 74.20% after 96 h. It also decreased root galls and egg masses numbers after 1 week of the infection (20.33 galls and 2.33 egg masses). Treatments 3 and 4 reduced the numbers of the 2nd stage juveniles, females and the developmental stages. Boron at the permissible limits was adjusted to be more than silver in the synthesized AgB NPs (to avoid the toxicity) for developing the resistance and immunity of the tomato plant. Therefore, AgB NPs may recognize potential targets within agricultural treatments.


Root-knot nematode PVP Anti-nematode Silver boron nanoparticles Gamma irradiation 



The authors would like to thank the Nanotechnology Research Unit (P.I. Prof. Dr. Ahmed I. El-Batal), Drug Microbiology Lab., Drug Radiation Research Department, NCRRT, Egypt, for financing and supporting this study under the project “Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods Production by using Nano/Biotechnological and Irradiation Processes”. Also, the authors would like to thank Prof. Mohamed Gobara (Professor at Military Technical College), Dr. Mohamed M. Ghobashy (Associate Professor at NCRRT), Dr. Muhammad I. Abdel Maksoud (Lecturer at NCRRT), and Zeiss microscope team in Cairo for their invaluable advice during this study.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Research Involving Human Participation and/or Animals

This article does not contain any studies with human and/or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

Not applicable.

Ethical Approval

Not applicable.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Drug Radiation Research Department, Biotechnology DivisionNational Center for Radiation Research and Technology (NCRRT), Atomic Energy AuthorityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of ScienceAl-Azhar UniversityNasr City, CairoEgypt

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