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Uncapped Silver Nanoclusters as Potential Catalyst for Enhanced Direct-Electrochemical Oxidation of 4-Nitrophenol

  • G. M. Kalaiyarasi
  • R. Elakkiya
  • M. Kundu
  • W. Jin
  • M. Sasidharan
  • G. MaduraiveeranEmail author
Original Paper
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Herein silver nanoclusters (Ag NCS) are synthesized by one-step, and facile chemical reduction strategy in water medium at room temperature without employing any external stabilizing agents. Silver nanoclusters based film was prepared on a glassy carbon electrode surface (GCE Ag NCS) as the working electrode for the direct electrochemical oxidation of 4-nitrophenol for the first time. It is found that Ag nanoclusters exhibit an admirable electrocatalytic activity for the direct-oxidation of 4-nitrophenol by offering huge accessible electrochemical active surface area and a facile environment for the electron transfer from analyte to the electrode in the absence of any other mediator or enzymes on the electrode surface. Silver nanoclusters based electrode demonstrates significantly improved anodic current by ~ 12 times and less positive anodic peak potential shift by ~ 0.27 V in comparison to bare GCE, revealing superior performance of present electrode materials for direct-oxidation of 4-nitrophenol. The GCE Ag NCS also exhibits high mass activity of 64.3 A g−1 and diffusion co-efficient of 0.2 × 10−3 cm2 s−1. The catalyst developed in this investigation also possesses good durability under 1.0 M KOH, demonstrating that the Ag nanoclusters constructed electrodes have promising practical environmental applications.

Graphical Abstract

Keywords

Silver nanocluster Modified electrode Electrocatalyst 4-Nitrophenol Environmental application 

Notes

Acknowledgements

GM thanks to DST-FIST (fund for improvement of S&T infrastructure) for financial assistance for Department of Chemistry, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, No. SR/FST/CST-266/2015(c).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. M. Kalaiyarasi
    • 1
  • R. Elakkiya
    • 1
  • M. Kundu
    • 1
  • W. Jin
    • 2
  • M. Sasidharan
    • 1
  • G. Maduraiveeran
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry & Research InstituteSRM Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  2. 2.National Engineering Laboratory for Hydrometallurgical Cleaner Production Technology, Key Laboratory of Green Process and Engineering, Institute of Process EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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