Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 28, Issue 4, pp 2111–2122 | Cite as

The Investigation of Excited-State Intramolecular Proton Transfer Mechanism of 2-Acetylindan-1, 3-Dion: The Solvation Effect

  • Mingshang Li
  • Weiyi Ren
  • Ziqi He
  • Yinghao Zhu
Original Paper


Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT are employed to investigate the solvent dependent excited-state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) mechanism of 2-acetylindan-1,3-dion (AID) in hexane and acetonitrile (ACN). The electronic spectra of AID in the polar ACN solvent observed in the experiment are reproduced well by our calculation, but the results in nonpolar hexane are different from the experimental values. Our theoretical investigation illustrates why the emission peak of Enol-A located at about 457 nm with a weak oscillator strengthen is absent from the latest experimental report (Verma et al. in J Struct Dyn 3:023606, 2016), as the fluorescence emission from the proton-transferred product of AID in the first excited state. Thus, the single fluorescence mechanism is well explained. Moreover, the potential energy curves along the O3–H5 bond for the ground state (S0) and the first excited state (S1) are constructed. In the S1 state, the absence of the potential barrier of AID in ACN, compared with the result of hexane (0.57 kcal/mol), indicates that the ESIPT process of AID molecule is more likely to accomplish in the ACN, highlighting the solvation effect on ESIPT mechanism of AID chromophore.

Graphical Abstract


Excited-state intramolecular proton transfer Electronic spectra Potential energy curves 



We sincerely thanks for the financial support from the Natural Science Foundation of Sichuan Province, China (2014JY0133).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physics and Space ScienceChina West Normal UniversityNanchongChina
  2. 2.School of Physics and Optoelectronic EngineeringLudong UniversityYantaiChina

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