Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 601–609

Diversity of Functionalized Germanium Zintl Clusters: Syntheses and Theoretical Studies of [Ge9PdPPh3]3− and [Ni@(Ge9PdPPh3)]2−

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10876-009-0266-1

Cite this article as:
Sun, ZM., Zhao, YF., Li, J. et al. J Clust Sci (2009) 20: 601. doi:10.1007/s10876-009-0266-1


A new Zintl cluster [Ge9PdPPh3]3− has been isolated as (2,2,2-crypt)K+ salt through the reaction of K4Ge9 and Pd[PPh3]4 in ethylenediamine solutions and characterized via single-crystal X-ray crystallography. The as-prepared bimetallic [Ge9PdPPh3]3− cluster could successfully trap a nickel atom to form a trimetallic cluster [Ni@(Ge9PdPPh3)]2−. The coordination of Ge94− by PdPPh3 induces a one-electron oxidation and encapsulation of the Ni atom into the Ge93− cage leads to a further one-electron oxidation and a geometry transformation from C4v (nido) to C3v (closo).

Graphical Abstract


Germanium Cluster Stannaspherene Crystal structure Zintl ion 

Supplementary material

10876_2009_266_MOESM1_ESM.doc (206 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 205 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsWashington State UniversityRichlandUSA
  2. 2.Chemical and Materials Sciences DivisionPacific Northwest National LaboratoryRichlandUSA
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry and Key Laboratory of Organic Optoelectronics and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of EducationTsinghua UniversityBeijingChina

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