Journal of Cluster Science

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 371–387 | Cite as

Synthesis and Characterization of Semiconductor Nanomaterials and Micromaterials via Gamma-irradiation Route

  • Yong Hu
  • Jia-Fu Chen


In this review, we reported our recent studies on controlled growth of sulfide and oxide semiconductor nano-and micro-structures via gamma-irradiation route. NiS and PbS uniform hollow microspheres (∼500 nm) have been successfully synthesized by γ-irradiating PMMA-CS2-ethanol aqueous solution that contains Ni2+ or Pb2+ at room temperature, respectively. Large-scale single-crystalline ZnO hexangular prisms were successfully prepared through a simple γ-irradiation approach at room temperature and under ambient pressure. CdSe hollow structures and hollow nanospheres (40∼50 nm), compass-shaped (80 nm in middle width and 200 nm in length) Mn3O4 (hausmannite) and monodisperse ZnS nanoballs etc. had been successfully synthesized through γ-irradiation route with different surfactant-assisted systems at room temperature. Those successful synthesis approaches in large scale and under mild conditions could be of interest for both applications and fundamental studies.


Semiconductor nanomaterials shape-controlled gamma-irradiation 



This work was financially supported by the grants of National Science Foundation of China (No.20621061, 20473082), and the Anhui Provincial Natural Science Foundation (070414195).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at MicroscaleUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiP. R. China
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryUniversity of Science and Technology of ChinaHefeiP. R. China

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