CD4+CD25+ Regulatory T Cells Decreased the Antitumor Activity of Cytokine-Induced Killer (CIK) Cells of Lung Cancer Patients
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CD4+CD25+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been shown to inhibit cytotoxic lymphocytes-mediated immune responses. Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cells exert high impact on adoptive immunotherapeutic approaches. Therefore, the purpose of this report was to determine the effect of Tregs on CIK cell growth and CIK-induced cytotoxicity for inhibition of tumor growth in vivo as well as in vitro. After depletion of CD4+CD25+ cells before culture, the proliferation and cytotoxicity of CIK cells, which indicated in bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) assays, were significantly increased. Depletion of CD4+CD25+ cells preculture also enhanced the suppression effect on the lung cancer cells inoculated in experimental animals. Blockage of glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor (GITR) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) by antibodies partially abrogated the suppressive effect of CD4+CD25+ cells on CIK. These results indicated that Tregs could inhibit the antitumor activity of CIK cells. The molecules TGF-β and GITR may contribute to the suppressive function of CD4+CD25+ cells.