Journal of Clinical Immunology

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 430–437 | Cite as

Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide Suppressed Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis by Inhibiting T Helper 1 Responses

Article

Abstract

Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) has been found to act as a potent anti-inflammatory factor through regulating the production of both anti- and pro-inflammatory mediators and promoting Th2-type responses. In this study, we used myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model in C57BL/6 mice to investigate the potential effects of VIP on multiple sclerosis. Our results showed that in vivo treatment of EAE-induced mice with VIP had great protective benefit at both clinical and histological levels. Disease suppression was associated with the inhibition of T cells proliferation, shifting of the immune response toward a Th2-type response and influencing the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IFN-γ, IL-6 and IL-2 as well as chemotactic factors such as RANTES. In conclusion, the study provides evidence that VIP had great protective effect on EAE through its inhibition actions on pathogenic T cells and through a specific effect on the Th1 response.

KEY WORDS

Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis T helper 1 cells 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haiyan Li
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yunhua Mei
    • 1
  • Ying Wang
    • 1
  • Lingyun Xu
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Shanghai Institute of ImmunologyShanghai Jiao Tong University Medical SchoolShanghaiP. R. China
  2. 2.Institute of Health SciencesShanghai Jiao Tong University/Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiP. R. China
  3. 3.Shanghai Institute of ImmunologyShanghai Jiao Tong University Medical SchoolShanghaiP. R. China

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