Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 76, Issue 1, pp 1–20 | Cite as

Dissolved organic carbon in summer precipitation and its wet deposition flux in the Mt. Yulong region, southeastern Tibetan Plateau

  • Hewen Niu
  • Shichang KangEmail author
  • Xiaofei Shi
  • Guotao Zhang
  • Shijin Wang
  • Tao Pu


Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) is an important organic pollutant in the air-water carbon cycle system, potentially influencing the global climate. In this study, 204 rainwater samples from five sampling stations in the Mt. Yulong region were synchronously collected from June to September in 2014. We comprehensively investigated the sources and wet deposition of DOC in summer precipitation. The average concentrations of DOC at five stations ranged from 0.74 to 1.31 mg L−1. The mass absorption efficiency (MAE) of rainwater DOC evaluated at 365 nm was 0.43 ± 0.32 m2 g−1. Backward trajectory analyses indicated that the southwest advection air parcel accounting for 46% of precipitation events, while the corresponding average concentration of rainwater DOC was 1.25 ± 0.56 mg C L−1. In addition to the local or regional contribution, large amount of atmospheric pollutants were transported from South Asia and Southeast Asia to the Mt. Yulong region, both of which had exerted great influence on the regional atmospheric environment. For the first time, the annual wet deposition of DOC in the Mt. Yulong region was estimated and determined to be 1.99 g C m−2 year−1. This is significant because the deposition of DOC on glaciers has great influence on surface albedo of snow and glacier melt. This study can bridge the gap of rainwater DOC research between the Mt. Yulong region and the southeast of Tibetan Plateau (TP), which has significant implications for better understanding the relationship of DOC deposition and glacial shrink in the TP.


Dissolved organic carbon Mt. Yulong Rainfall Wet deposition 



This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41601071, 41721091, 41630754). The independent program of SKLCS (SKLCS-ZZ-2018) and Key Research Program for Frontier Sciences of Chinese Academy of Sciences (QYZDJ-SSW-DQC039). The “Light of West China” Program (Y62992), and China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016 T90963, 2015 M582725). The authors gratefully acknowledge the NOAA Air Resources Laboratory (ARL) for the provision of the HYSPLIT transport model and/or READY website ( used in this publication. We also express our sincere appreciations to Editor-in-Chief Elliot L. Atlas, and another anonymous reviewer for their constructive comments on our paper.

Supplementary material

10874_2019_9385_MOESM1_ESM.doc (674 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 674 kb)
10874_2019_9385_MOESM2_ESM.doc (164 kb)
ESM 2 (DOC 164 kb)


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© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and ResourcesChinese Academy of SciencesLanzhouChina
  2. 2.College of Earth Environmental SciencesLanzhou UniversityLanzhouChina
  3. 3.Yulong Glacier and Environment Observation and Research StationLijiangChina
  4. 4.CAS Center for Excellence in Tibetan Plateau Earth SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS)BeijingChina
  6. 6.Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentsChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina

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