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Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 75, Issue 2, pp 155–169 | Cite as

Water-soluble inorganic ions of size-differentiated atmospheric particles from a suburban site of Mexico City

  • Telma Castro
  • Oscar Peralta
  • Dara Salcedo
  • José Santos
  • María I. Saavedra
  • María L. Espinoza
  • Alejandro Salcido
  • Ana-Teresa Celada-Murillo
  • Susana Carreón-Sierra
  • Harry Álvarez-Ospina
  • Giovanni Carabali
  • Valter Barrera
  • Sasha Madronich
Article
  • 340 Downloads

Abstract

During the MILAGRO campaign, March 2006, eight-stage cut impactors were used to sample atmospheric particles at Tecámac (T1 supersite), towards the northeast edge of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area, collecting fresh local emissions and aged pollutants produced in Mexico City. Particle samples were analyzed to determine total mass concentrations of Ca2+, Mg2+, NH4 +, K+, Cl, SO4 2−, and NO3 . Average concentrations were 22.1 ± 7.2 μg m−3 for PM10 and 18.3 ± 6.2 μg m−3 for PM1.8. A good correlation between PM10 and PM1.8, without influence from wind patterns, indicates that local emissions are more important than the city’s pollution transported to the site, despite the fact that Tecámac is just 40 km away from Mexico City. A lack of diurnal patterns in the PM2.5/PM1.8 ratio supports this conclusion. The inorganic composition of particles suggests that vehicles, soil resuspension, and industries are the main pollutant sources. Finally, the particles were found to be neutralized, in agreement with observations in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area.

Keywords

Ion composition Atmospheric particles MILAGRO Mexico City 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank MILAGRO leaders for their inclusion into the project; Universidad de Tecámac for the facilities during the campaign; Centro de Ciencias de la Atmósfera staff for their help during the measurements.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Telma Castro
    • 1
  • Oscar Peralta
    • 1
  • Dara Salcedo
    • 2
  • José Santos
    • 1
  • María I. Saavedra
    • 1
  • María L. Espinoza
    • 1
  • Alejandro Salcido
    • 3
  • Ana-Teresa Celada-Murillo
    • 3
  • Susana Carreón-Sierra
    • 3
  • Harry Álvarez-Ospina
    • 1
  • Giovanni Carabali
    • 4
  • Valter Barrera
    • 1
  • Sasha Madronich
    • 5
  1. 1.Centro de Ciencias de la AtmósferaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.UMDI-Juriquilla Facultad de CienciasUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoQuerétaroMexico
  3. 3.Instituto Nacional de Electricidad y Energías LimpiasPrograma de Sustentabilidad AmbientalCuernavacaMexico
  4. 4.Instituto de GeofísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  5. 5.National Center of Atmospheric ResearchBoulderUSA

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