Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 65–78

NO3 Vertical Profile Measurements from Remote Sensing Balloon-Borne Spectrometers and Comparison with Model Calculations

  • Jean-Baptiste Renard
  • Martyn P. Chipperfield
  • Gwenaël Berthet
  • Fabienne Goffinont-Taupin
  • Claude Robert
  • Michel Chartier
  • Howard Roscoe
  • Wuhu Feng
  • Emmanuel Rivière
  • Michel Pirre
Article
  • 99 Downloads

Abstract

Eleven vertical profiles of stratospheric NO3 have been obtained since 1992 using the AMON and SALOMON balloon-borne UV-visible spectrometers. The measurements are compared to the SLIMCAT 3D model and calculations based on the steady-state hypothesis for NO3. The calculations cannot reproduce some parts of the profiles which exhibit strong concentration fluctuations over few kilometres, as a consequence of the dependence of NO3 on local temperature variations. A statistical use of the data allows us to estimate the influence of the temperature dependence of the absorption cross-section on the data analysis, and the validity of the recommended reaction rates available in the literature. Discrepancies exist between the model based on recommended kinetics and observations at warmer temperatures. Nevertheless, the analysis is biased by local temperature inhomogeneities, and only a low-resolution vertical shape of the NO3 profiles can be retrieved.

Key Words

balloon-borne NO3 stratosphere steady-state 3D CTM 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aliwell, S. R. and Jones, R. L., 1996: Measurements of atmospheric NO3, 2, Diurnal variations of stratospheric NO3 at mid latitude, Geophys. Res. Lett. 23(19), 2589–2592.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ball, S. M., Povey, I. M., Norton, E. G., and Broadband, R. L., 2001: Cavity-ringdown spectroscopy of the NO3 radical, Chem. Phys. Lett. 342, 113–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bertaux, J.-L., Kyrölä, E., and Wehr, T., 2000: Stellar occultation technique for atmospheric ozone monitoring: Gomos on Envisat, Earth Observ. Q. 67, 17–20.Google Scholar
  4. Chipperfield, M. P., 1999: Multiannual simulations with a three-dimensional chemical transport model, J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1781–1805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. DeMore, W. B., Sander, S. P., Golden, D. M., Hampson, R. F., Kurylo, M. J., Howard, C. J., Ravishankara, A. R., Kolb, C. E., and Molina, M. J., 1997: Chemical kinetics and photochemical data for use in stratospheric modeling, Evaluation 12, JPL Publication 97-4.Google Scholar
  6. King, M. D., Dick, E. M., and Simpson, W. R., 2000: A new method for the atmospheric detection of the nitrate radical (NO3), Atmos. Environ. 34, 685–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Marchand, M., Bekki, S., Hauchecorne, A., and Bertaux, J.-L., 2004: Validation of the self-consistency of GOMOS NO3, NO2 and O3 data using chemical data assimilation, Geophys. Res. Lett. 31, L10107 (doi:10.1029/2004GL019631).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Orphal, J., Fellows, C. E., and Flaud, P.-M., 2003: The visible absorption spectrum of NO3 measured by high-resolution Fourier transform spectroscopy, J. Geophys. Res. 108(D3), 4077 (doi:10.1029/2002JD002489).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Renard, J.-B., Taupin, F., Rivière, E. D., Pirre, M., Huret, N., Berthet, G., Robert, C., and Chartier, M., 2001: Measurements and simulation of stratospheric NO3 at mid and high latitudes in the northern hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res. 106(D23), 32387–32399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Sander, S. P., et~al., 2003: Chemical kinetics and photochemical data for use in atmospheric studies, Evaluation 14, JPL Publication 02–25.Google Scholar
  11. Sanders, R. W., Solomon, S., Mount, G. H., Bates, M. W., and Schmeltekopf, A. L., 1987: Visible spectroscopy at McMurdo Station, Antarctica, 3, Observation of NO3, J. Geophys. Res. 92, 8339–8342.Google Scholar
  12. Wayne, R. P., 1990: The Nitrate Radical: Physics, Chemistry, and the Atmosphere, Air Pollution research Report 31, Commission of European Communities, Brussels, Belgium.Google Scholar
  13. Yokelson, R. J., Burkholder, J. B., Fox, R. W., Talukdar, R. K., and Ravishankara, A. R., 1994: Temperature dependence of the NO3 absorption spectrum, J. Phys. Chem. 98, 13144–13150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Baptiste Renard
    • 1
  • Martyn P. Chipperfield
    • 2
  • Gwenaël Berthet
    • 3
  • Fabienne Goffinont-Taupin
    • 1
  • Claude Robert
    • 1
  • Michel Chartier
    • 1
  • Howard Roscoe
    • 4
  • Wuhu Feng
    • 2
  • Emmanuel Rivière
    • 1
  • Michel Pirre
    • 1
  1. 1.LPCE-CNRS/Université d’OrléansOrléans cedex 2France
  2. 2.Institute for Atmospheric Science, School of Earth and EnvironmentUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK
  3. 3.Service d’Aéronomie du CNRSParis cedex 05France
  4. 4.British Antarctic Survey/NERCCambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations