Advertisement

Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry

, Volume 49, Issue 1–3, pp 149–159 | Cite as

Pollen Viability for Air Pollution Bio-Monitoring

  • Elena GottardiniEmail author
  • Fabiana Cristofolini
  • Elena Paoletti
  • Paolo Lazzeri
  • Giancarlo Pepponi
Article

Abstract

Biological characterization of Corylus avellana L. and Pinus nigra L. pollen samples was carried out to determine the actual value of pollen as a bio-indicator of the effects of atmospheric pollution, using samples from plants naturally developed in sites controlled for air pollution. In Trentino (North Italy), we selected six stations at three different levels of air pollution, which are constantly monitored with automatic gauges by the Environmental Protection Agency of Trento.

First results showed that pollen viability of both species, germinability and pollen tube length of P. nigra, were higher in areas with no road traffic compared to heavy traffic ones. Pollen viability of P. nigra was positively correlated to ozone (O3) concentrations and altitude but negatively to sulphur dioxide (SO2), particulate matter with a diameter less than 10 μ m (PM10), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) concentrations.

Keywords

air pollution biomonitoring germination pollen viability 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bellani, L. M., Paoletti, E. and Cenni, E., 1988: Air pollution effects on pollen germination of forest species, in M. Cresti, P. Gori and E. Pacini (ed.), Sexual Reproduction in Higher Plants, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 265–270.Google Scholar
  2. Benoit, L. F., Skelly, J. M., Moore, L. D. and Dochinger, L. S., 1983: The influence of ozone on Pinus strobus L. pollen germination, Can. J. For. Res. 13, 184–187.Google Scholar
  3. Brunialti, G., Giordani, P., Isocrono, D. and Loppi, S., 2002: Evaluation of data qualità in lichen biomonitoring studies: the Italian experience, Environ. Monit. Assess. 13, 271–280.Google Scholar
  4. Cela Renzoni, G., Viegi, L., Stefani, A. and Onnis, A., 1990: Different in vitro germination responses in Pinus pinea pollen from two localities with different levels of pollution, Ann. Bot. Fennici 13, 85–90.Google Scholar
  5. Comtois, P. and Perfetto, A., 1996: Airborne pollen viability: Meteorological and air pollution determinants, in Proceedings of the VII Congresso Nazionale dell’Associazione Italiana di Aerobiologia, Firenze, Italy, October 16–19, A.I.A., Firenze, p. 97.Google Scholar
  6. Comtois, P. and Schemenauer, R. S., 1991: Tree pollen viability in areas subject to high pollutant deposition, Aerobiologia 13, 144–151.Google Scholar
  7. Desiato, F., Galliani, G. and Menini, L., 2000: Le reti di monitoraggio della qualità dell’aria in Italia, RTI CTN_ACE 3/2000, ANPA, Roma, Italia.Google Scholar
  8. Feder, W. A., 1968: Reduction in tobacco pollen germination and tube elongation induced by low levels of ozone, Science 13, 1122.Google Scholar
  9. Fl¨ckiger, W., Braun, S. and Oertli, J. J., 1978: Der Einfluss verkehrsbedingter Luftverunreinigungen auf die Keimung und das Schlauchwachstum bei Pollen von Nicotiana sylvestris, Environ. Pollu. 13, 73–80.Google Scholar
  10. Iannotti, O., Mincigrucci, G., Bricchi, E. and Frenguelli, G., 2000: Pollen viability as a bio-indicator of air quality, Aerobiologia 13, 361–365.Google Scholar
  11. Keller, T. and Beda, H., 1984: Effects of SO2 on germination of conifer pollen, Environ. Pollut. (Series A) 33, 237–243.Google Scholar
  12. Lorenzini, G., 1999: Le piante e l’inquinamento dell’aria, Edagricole, Bologna, p. 9.Google Scholar
  13. Mejnartowitz, L. and Lewandowski, A., 1985: Effects of fluorides and sulphur dioxide on pollen germination and growth of the pollen tube, Acta. Soc. Bot. Poloniae 13, 125–129.Google Scholar
  14. Onorari, M., Domeneghetti, M. P., Filippelli, N., Ciuti, P. and Magrini, S., 2000: Pollini e inquinamento atmosferico, in Proceedings of the IX Congresso Nazionale dell’Associazione Italiana di Aerobiologia, Cagliari, Italy, October 5–8, A.I.A., p. 159.Google Scholar
  15. Sarvella, P., 1964: Vital-staining testing of pollen viability in cotton, J. Heredity 13, 154–158.Google Scholar
  16. Shivanna, K. R. and Rangaswamy, N. S., 1992: Pollen Biology. A Laboratory Manual, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  17. Treshow, M. and Anderson, F. K., 1989: Plant Stress from Air Pollution, J. Wiley Chichester.Google Scholar
  18. Wolters, J. H. B. and Martens, M. J. M., 1987: Effects of air pollutants on pollen, Bot. Rev. 13, 372–414.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Gottardini
    • 1
    Email author
  • Fabiana Cristofolini
    • 1
  • Elena Paoletti
    • 2
  • Paolo Lazzeri
    • 3
  • Giancarlo Pepponi
    • 3
  1. 1.Istituto Agrario di San Michele all’AdigeTrentoItaly
  2. 2.Istituto Protezione Piante, CNRFirenzeItaly
  3. 3.Istituto Trentino di Cultura – ITC-IrstPovo, TrentoItaly

Personalised recommendations