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Journal of Oceanography

, Volume 68, Issue 6, pp 959–970 | Cite as

Distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers, alkenones and polyunsaturated fatty acids in suspended particulate organic matter in the East China Sea

  • Takahiro Nakanishi
  • Masanobu YamamotoEmail author
  • Tomohisa Irino
  • Ryuji Tada
Original Article

Abstract

We investigated the spatial distribution of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs), alkenones, and polyunsaturated fatty acids in particulate organic matter collected at four sites along a depth transect from the continental shelf to the Okinawa Trough in the East China Sea during the spring bloom in 2008. The maximum alkenone concentration appeared in the top 25 m at all sites and the \( U_{37}^{{{\text{K}}'}} \) values were consistent with in situ water temperatures in the depth interval, suggesting that the alkenones were produced mainly in surface water. At the slope and shelf sites, GDGTs in the water column showed a concentration maximum at 74–99 m depth, and the \( {\text{TEX}}_{86}^{\text{H}} \) agreed with in situ water temperatures, suggesting the in situ production of GDGTs in the depth interval. The low-salinity surface water above 20 m depth was characterized by low GDGT concentrations and low \( {\text{TEX}}_{86}^{\text{L}} \)-based temperatures, suggesting either the production of GDGTs in winter season or the lateral advection of GDGTs by an eastward current. At the slope and Okinawa Trough sites, TEX86-based temperatures were nearly constant in the water column deeper than 300 m and corresponded to temperatures at the surface and near-surface waters rather than in situ temperatures. This observation is consistent with a hypothesis that Thaumarchaeota cells produced in surface waters are delivered to deeper water and also indicates that the residence time of suspended GDGTs in the deep-water column is large enough to mix the GDGTs produced in different seasons.

Keywords

GDGT TEX86 Alkenone \( U_{37}^{{{\text{K}}'}} \) POM The East China Sea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank all the participants and onboard staff of cruise KY07-04 cruise. We also appreciate the help provided by Tatsufumi Okino and Masao Minagawa (Hokkaido University) with analysis. Special thanks go to Kyung-Hoon Shin and Suk-Hee Yoon (Hanyang University) for discussion. Comments by two anonymous reviewers improved this manuscript very much. The study was supported by a grant-in-aid for Scientific Research (A) the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, No. 19204051 (to M.Y.).

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Copyright information

© The Oceanographic Society of Japan and Springer Japan 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takahiro Nakanishi
    • 1
    • 3
  • Masanobu Yamamoto
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tomohisa Irino
    • 1
  • Ryuji Tada
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Environmental Earth ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Graduate School of ScienceThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  3. 3.NITTOC Construction Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan

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