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Journal of Chemical Crystallography

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 169–173 | Cite as

La2USe3S2: A Serendipitously Grown Lanthanide/Actinide Chalcogenide from a Eutectic Halide Flux

  • Mohammad Usman
  • Gregory Morrison
  • Hans-Conrad zur LoyeEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

La2USe3S2, exact composition La2USe2.96S2.04, crystallized from a reaction between USe2 and La2S3 in a molten CsCl/KCl eutectic flux and was characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. La2USe3S2 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma in the U3S5 structure type with lattice parameters a = 12.3284(3) Å, b = 8.4028(2) Å, and c = 7.3452(2) Å. In La2USe3S2 all the anion sites have mixed S and Se occupancy and, henceforth, will be simply referred to as Q sites. The compound exhibits sigmoidal sheets built from LaQ8 (Q = S, Se) bicapped trigonal prisms that edge-share down the a-axis forming rectangular-shaped channels or tunnels. These tunnels are occupied by UQ6 (Q = S, Se) octahedra that edge-share to form infinite, one-dimensional chains running down the b-axis.

Graphical Abstract

X-ray diffraction quality single crystals of La2USe3S2 were grown from a molten CsCl/KCl eutectic flux at 950 °C and used for structure determination using single crystal X-ray diffraction. The compound crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pnma in the U3S5 structure type.

Keywords

La2USe3S2 Single crystal Flux growth Chalcogenide 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported by the US Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Materials Sciences and Engineering under Award DE-SC0018739.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Usman
    • 1
  • Gregory Morrison
    • 1
  • Hans-Conrad zur Loye
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA

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