Journal of Business and Psychology

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 461–481 | Cite as

Incremental Validity of Locus of Control After Controlling for Cognitive Ability and Conscientiousness

  • Keith HattrupEmail author
  • Matthew S. O’Connell
  • Jeffrey R. Labrador


This research examined the criterion-related validity of work-specific locus of control in predicting job performance, including incremental validity after controlling for cognitive ability and conscientiousness. Data from a student sample and from a large employee sample were used to evaluate the scale properties of measures of locus of control, conscientiousness, and cognitive ability. Two concurrent criterion-related validation studies were then conducted to evaluate the incremental validity of locus of control. In both validation studies, locus of control demonstrated overall and incremental relationships with performance after controlling for ability and conscientiousness, such that employees with higher internal locus of control performed more effectively than externals.


job performance locus of control personality 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keith Hattrup
    • 1
    Email author
  • Matthew S. O’Connell
    • 2
  • Jeffrey R. Labrador
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of psychologySan Diego State University San DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Select International, Inc.USA
  3. 3.Central Michigan UniversityU.S.A.

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