Changes of cationic transport in AtCAX5 transformant yeast by electromagnetic field environments
The electromagnetic field (EMF) is newly considered as an exogenous environmental stimulus that is closely related to ion transportation on the cellular membrane, maintaining the internal ionic homeostasis. Cation transports of Ca2+ and other metal ions, Cd2+, Zn2+, and Mn2+were studied in terms of the external Ca2+ stress, [Ca2+]ext, and exposure to the physical EMF. A specific yeast strain K667 was used for controlling CAX5 (cation/H+ exchanger) expression. Culture samples were exposed to 60 Hz, 0.1 mT sinusoidal or square magnetics waves, and intracellular cations of each sample were measured and analyzed. AtCAX5 transformant yeast grew normally under the metallic stress. However, the growth of the control group was significantly inhibited under the same cation concentration; 60 Hz and 0.1 mT magnetic field enhanced intracellular cation concentrations significantly as exposure time increased both in the AtCAX5 transformed yeast and in the control group. However, the AtCAX5-transformed yeast showed higher concentration of the intracellular cations than the control group under the same exposure EMF. AtCAX5-transformed yeasts displayed an increment in [Ca2+]int, [K+]int, [Na+]int, and [Zn2+]int concentration under the presence of both sinusoidal and square-waved EMF stresses compared to the control group, which shows that AtCAX5 expressed in the vacuole play an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of intracellular cations. These findings could be utilized in the cultivation of the crops which were resistant to excessive exogenous ions or in the production of biomass containing a large proportion of ions for nutritional food or in the bioremediation process in metal-polluted environments.
KeywordsCation transportation Extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) Saccharomyces cerevisiae K667 AtCAX5 transformant yeast
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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