Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp 112–126 | Cite as

Future directions in physical activity intervention research: expanding our focus to sedentary behaviors, technology, and dissemination

  • Beth A. Lewis
  • Melissa A. Napolitano
  • Matthew P. Buman
  • David M. Williams
  • Claudio R. Nigg
Article

Abstract

Despite the increased health risks of a sedentary lifestyle, only 49 % of American adults participate in physical activity (PA) at the recommended levels. In an effort to move the PA field forward, we briefly review three emerging areas of PA intervention research. First, new intervention research has focused on not only increasing PA but also on decreasing sedentary behavior. Researchers should utilize randomized controlled trials, common terminology, investigate which behaviors should replace sedentary behaviors, evaluate long-term outcomes, and focus across the lifespan. Second, technology has contributed to an increase in sedentary behavior but has also led to innovative PA interventions. PA technology research should focus on large randomized trials with evidence-based components, explore social networking and innovative apps, improve PA monitoring, consider the lifespan, and be grounded in theory. Finally, in an effort to maximize public health impact, dissemination efforts should address the RE-AIM model, health disparities, and intervention costs.

Keywords

Physical activity Sedentary behavior Dissemination Intervention Technology 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth A. Lewis
    • 1
  • Melissa A. Napolitano
    • 2
  • Matthew P. Buman
    • 3
  • David M. Williams
    • 4
  • Claudio R. Nigg
    • 5
  1. 1.School of KinesiologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Departments of Prevention and Community Health/Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Milken Institute School of Public HealthThe George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.School of Nutrition and Health PromotionCollege of Health SolutionsPhoenixUSA
  4. 4.Department of Behavioral and Social SciencesBrown University School of Public HealthProvidenceUSA
  5. 5.Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of HawaiiHonoluluUSA

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