Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 38–46 | Cite as

Sexual minority status and trauma symptom severity in men living with HIV/AIDS

  • Charles KamenEmail author
  • Sergio Flores
  • Stacy Taniguchi
  • Anna Khaylis
  • Susanne Lee
  • Cheryl Koopman
  • Cheryl Gore-Felton


Traumatic experiences are common among populations living with HIV; furthermore, the minority stress model indicates that sexual minority group members, such as men who have sex with men (MSM), are more likely to experience negative psychological outcomes after exposure to trauma, given the stress of minority stigma. The current study examined the prevalence of traumatic events and the impact of these events on trauma symptoms in a sample of 113 MSM and 51 men who have sex with women (MSW) who are living with HIV/AIDS. Rates of experiencing trauma were similar for both MSM and MSW. However, MSM, as sexual minority group members, were more likely to report symptoms of trauma and dissociation than MSW. The current study indicates that MSM may experience additional negative psychological outcomes after exposure to trauma. Findings are discussed in the context of implications for HIV prevention with sexual minority group members.


Sexual minority Minority stress Trauma Dissociation PTSD HIV/AIDS 



This research was funded by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) grant # R01MH072386 (PI: Cheryl Gore-Felton, PhD).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Kamen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sergio Flores
    • 2
  • Stacy Taniguchi
    • 2
  • Anna Khaylis
    • 1
  • Susanne Lee
    • 1
  • Cheryl Koopman
    • 1
  • Cheryl Gore-Felton
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Pacific Graduate School of Psychology/Stanford ConsortiumPalo AltoUSA

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