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Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 33, Issue 6, pp 432–440 | Cite as

“There is no proof that HIV causes AIDS”: AIDS denialism beliefs among people living with HIV/AIDS

  • Seth C. KalichmanEmail author
  • Lisa Eaton
  • Chauncey Cherry
Article

Abstract

AIDS denialists offer false hope to people living with HIV/AIDS by claiming that HIV is harmless and that AIDS can be cured with natural remedies. The current study examined the prevalence of AIDS denialism beliefs and their association to health-related outcomes among people living with HIV/AIDS. Confidential surveys and unannounced pill counts were collected from a convenience sample of 266 men and 77 women living with HIV/AIDS that was predominantly middle-aged and African American. One in five participants stated that there is no proof that HIV causes AIDS and that HIV treatments do more harm than good. AIDS denialism beliefs were more often endorsed by people who more frequently used the internet after controlling for confounds. Believing that there is a debate among scientists about whether HIV causes AIDS was related to refusing HIV treatments and poorer health outcomes. AIDS denialism beliefs may be common among people living with HIV/AIDS and such beliefs are associated with poor health outcomes.

Keywords

AIDS denialism HIV/AIDS treatment Internet health information 

Notes

Acknowledgments

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) grants R01-MH71164, R01-MH82633 and National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) R01AA017399 supported this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Seth C. Kalichman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lisa Eaton
    • 1
  • Chauncey Cherry
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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