Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp 244–254 | Cite as

Non-pharmacological treatments for insomnia

  • Matthew R. EbbenEmail author
  • Arthur J. Spielman


Insomnia is a common disorder effecting millions of people worldwide. Currently most individuals suffering from insomnia take medications to help them sleep. However, there are a variety of behavioral treatments, which have been shown to be effective in empirical studies that offer many advantages over medications. In addition, behavioral treatments have been shown to be more effective long-term than medication. This paper reviews the principles and practice of these behavioral treatments. At the end of the paper there is also a brief discussion of circadian rhythm disorders that can mimic insomnia.


Insomnia Behavioral treatments Sleep restriction Stimulus control Sleep hygiene CBT-I 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Neurology and Neuroscience, Center for Sleep MedicineWeill Medical College of Cornell UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Cognitive Neuroscience Doctoral ProgramThe City College of the City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.New York Methodist HospitalCenter for Sleep Disorders Medicine and ResearchBrooklynUSA

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