Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 423–434 | Cite as

Does Distraction Facilitate Problem-focused Coping with Job Stress? A 1 year Longitudinal Study



This study examined the sole and combined effects of problem-focused coping and distraction on employee well-being (i.e., stress responses and job performance) using two-wave panel survey data with a 1-year time lag. Participants were 488 male employees, who worked for a construction machinery company in western Japan. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine whether distraction moderates the relationship of problem-focused coping with well-being. More use of problem-focused coping was negatively related to subsequent stress responses among those high in distraction. The combination of high problem-focused coping and high distraction was positively related to subsequent job performance, although it was limited only to the high job stress situation. Results suggest that the combination of high problem-focused coping and high distraction may lead to lower stress responses and better performance (but only in high job stress situations for performance) than the combination of high problem-focused coping and low distraction, at least for male blue-collar workers.


Problem-focused coping Distraction Stress responses Performance Longitudinal study 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mental HealthThe University of Tokyo Graduate School of MedicineTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Department of Social and Organizational PsychologyUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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