Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 21–29 | Cite as

Physical Activity Behavior, Motivational Readiness and Self-Efficacy among Ontarians with Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes

  • Sherry L. Grace
  • Susan Barry-Bianchi
  • Donna E. Stewart
  • Ellen Rukholm
  • Robert P. Nolan

This cross-sectional study examined physical activity and its correlates among 355 diabetes, 144 cardiovascular disease, 75 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, and 390 residents with cardiovascular risk factors. Community residents (N=2566) were screened by telephone, and 964 participants completed a self-report survey. Non-diabetes participants participated in a greater range of physical activities (p<.001), more frequently (p=.013). Diabetes participants had lower physical activity readiness and efficacy (ps<.009). In a regression model (p<.001), region and disease, work, marital and smoking status were significant correlates of physical activity frequency. Interventions which increase motivational readiness and efficacy among diabetics are required to prevent and delay complications, particularly in regions with environmental barriers such as cold weather and homogeneous, low-density land use.


physical activity cardiovascular disease diabetes mellitus self-efficacy motivational readiness. 



This research was funded by the Heart and Stroke Foundation. S. Grace is supported by the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sherry L. Grace
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 5
  • Susan Barry-Bianchi
    • 2
  • Donna E. Stewart
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ellen Rukholm
    • 4
  • Robert P. Nolan
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.York UniversityTorontoCanada
  2. 2.University Health NetworkTorontoCanada
  3. 3.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Laurentian UniversitySudburyCanada
  5. 5.York UniversityTorontoCanada

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