Comparing Functional Behavior Assessment-Based Interventions and Non-functional Behavior Assessment-Based Interventions: A Systematic Review of Outcomes and Methodological Quality of Studies
This review compared the effectiveness of functional behavior assessment-based interventions (FBAI) versus non-functional behavior assessment-based interventions (NFBAI) through an examination of 24 single-case design (SCD) studies that directly compared the effects of these intervention approaches. This review also systematically examined the quality of these studies. All of the reviewed studies reported relative effectiveness of FBAI over NFBAI in reducing problem behaviors, showing a higher percentage of behavior reduction in FBAI than NFBAI conditions. None of the reviewed studies met all of the What Works Clearinghouse Design Standards for SCD (Kratochwill et al. in Single-case designs technical documentation, 2010). We discussed methods of comparing the effects of FBAI versus NFBAI and made methodological suggestions for future research in this area.
KeywordsFunctional behavior assessment Function-based Quality of research
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
Articles marked with a * were the studies included in the review
- *Addison, L. R., Piazza, C. C., Patel, M. R., Bachmeyer, M. H., Rivas, K. M., Milnes, S. M., et al. (2012). A comparison of sensory integrative and behavioral therapies a treatment for pediatric feeding disorders. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 45(3), 455–471. https://doi.org/10.1901/jaba.2012.45-455.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Behavior Analyst Certification Board. (2014). Professional and ethical compliance code for behavior analysts. Retrieved from 16 November 2017, from http://bacb.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/03/160321-compliance-code-english.pdf.
- Bormann, I. (2012). DigitizeIt (Version 2.2) [Computer software]. Retrieved 24 December 2018, from http://www.digitizeit.de.
- *Filter, K. J., & Horner, R. H. (2009). Function-based academic interventions for problem behavior. Education and Treatment of Children, 32(1), 1–19.Google Scholar
- Gresham, F. M., Watson, T. S., & Skinner, C. H. (2001). Functional behavioral assessment: Principles, procedures, and future direction. School Psychology Review, 30(2), 156–172.Google Scholar
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 20 U.S.C. § 1400 (2004).Google Scholar
- Johnston, J. M., & Pennypacker, H. S. (1993). Strategies and tactics for human behavioral research (2nd ed.). Hilsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Kratochwill, T. R., Hitchcock, J., Horner, R. H., Levin, J. R., Odom, S. L., Rindskopf, D. M., & Shadish, W. R. (2010). Single-case designs technical documentation (version 1.0). What Works Clearinghouse website: Retrieved 16 November 2017, from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/ReferenceResources/wwc_scd.pdf.
- Lane, K. L., Kalberg, J. R., & Shepcaro, J. C. (2009). An examination of the evidence base for function-based interventions for students with emotional and/or behavioral disorders attending middle and high schools. Exceptional Children, 75(3), 321–340.Google Scholar
- Luckasson, R. A. (2006). The human rights basis for student personal empowerment in education. In E. B. Keefe, V. M. Moore, & F. R. Duff (Eds.), Listening to the experts: Students with disabilities speak out (pp. 11–20). Baltimore, MD: Brookes Publishing Company.Google Scholar
- McKenna, J. W., Flower, A., & Adamson, R. (2016). A systematic review of function-based replacement behavior interventions for students with and at risk for emotional and behavioral disorders. Behavior Modification, 40(5), 678–712. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445515621489.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- O’Neil, R. E., Albin, R. W., Storey, K., Horner, R. H., & Sprague, J. R. (2015). Functional assessment and program development for problem behavior. CT: Cengage Learning.Google Scholar
- Poling, A., Austin, J. L., Peterson, S. M., Mahoney, A., & Weeden, M. (2012). Ethical issues and considerations. In J. L. Matson (Ed.) Functional assessment for challenging behaviors (pp. 213–233). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Reimers, T. M., Wacker, D. P., Cooper, L. J., & DeRaad, A. O. (1992). Acceptability of behavioral treatment for children: Analog and naturalistic evaluations by parents. School Psychology Review, 21, 628–643.Google Scholar
- Rhode, G., Jenson, W. R., & Reavis, H. K. (1992). The tough kid book: Practical classroom management strategies. Longmant, CO: Soprios West.Google Scholar
- Robichaux, N. M., & Gresham, F. M. (2014). Differential effects of the Mystery Motivator intervention using student-selected and mystery rewards. School Psychology Review, 43(3), 286–298.Google Scholar
- Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
- What Works Clearinghouse. (2017). What works clearinghouse: Standards handbook version 4.0. Washington, DC: US Department of Education. Retrieved 24 December 2018, from https://ies.ed.gov/ncee/wwc/Docs/referenceresources/wwc_standards_handbook_v4.pdf.