Using a Self-Instructional Package to Train Groups to Implement Reinforcement Strategies
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We trained six special education staff members in groups of three to conduct differential reinforcement of alternative and differential reinforcement of other behavior procedures using a self-instructional package. Our self-instructional packages were written instructions and PowerPoint™ presentations that incorporated embedded text, video modeling, and voiceover instruction. After training, we evaluated each staff member’s implementation of the reinforcement strategies with a simulated student who engaged in problem behavior. After multiple exposures to the self-instructional package in a group training format, two participants mastered both procedures, two participants mastered one procedure, and two participants did not master either procedure. We discuss the clinical implications of the findings and utility of self-instructional packages in a school-consulting role.
KeywordsDRA DRO Reinforcement strategies Self-instruction package Staff training
We would like to thank Sarah Bedell for allowing us to use her materials (tokens, token board, and flashcards) for the current study.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
All authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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