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Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 233–241 | Cite as

Interaction of plant cell signaling molecules, salicylic acid and jasmonic acid, with the mitochondria of Helicoverpa armigera

  • Akbar S. MD.
  • H. C. Sharma
  • Jayalakshmi S. K.
  • Sreeramulu K
Article

Abstract

The cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera is a polyphagous pest in Asia, Africa, and the Mediterranean Europe. Salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) are the cell signaling molecules produced in response to insect attack in plants. The effect of these signaling molecules was investigated on the oxidative phosphorylation and oxidative stress of H. armigera. SA significantly inhibited the state III and state IV respiration, respiratory control index (RCI), respiratory complexes I and II, induced mitochondrial swelling, and cytochrome c release in vitro. Under in vivo conditions, SA induced state IV respiration as well as oxidative stress in time- and dose-dependent manner, and also inhibited the larval growth. In contrast, JA did not affect the mitochondrial respiration and oxidative stress. SA affected the growth and development of H. armigera, in addition to its function as signaling molecules involved in both local defense reactions at feeding sites and the induction of systemic acquired resistance in plants.

Keywords

Helicoverpa armigera Mitochondria Respiration Salicylic acid Jasmonic acid Induced resistance 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akbar S. MD.
    • 1
    • 2
  • H. C. Sharma
    • 2
  • Jayalakshmi S. K.
    • 3
  • Sreeramulu K
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryGulbarga UniversityGulbargaIndia
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia
  3. 3.Agriculture Research StationUniversity of Agricultural SciencesGulbargaIndia

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