Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes

, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp 135–147 | Cite as

Electron transport chain dysfunction by H2O2 is linked to increased reactive oxygen species production and iron mobilization by lipoperoxidation: studies using Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondria

  • Christian Cortés-Rojo
  • Mirella Estrada-Villagómez
  • Elizabeth Calderón-Cortés
  • Mónica Clemente-Guerrero
  • Ricardo Mejía-Zepeda
  • Istvan Boldogh
  • Alfredo Saavedra-Molina


The mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC) contains thiol groups (−SH) which are reversibly oxidized to modulate ETC function during H2O2 overproduction. Since deleterious effects of H2O2 are not limited to –SH oxidation, due to the formation of other H2O2-derived species, some processes like lipoperoxidation could enhance the effects of H2O2 over ETC enzymes, disrupt their modulation by –SH oxidation and increase superoxide production. To verify this hypothesis, we tested the effects of H2O2 on ETC activities, superoxide production and iron mobilization in mitochondria from lipoperoxidation-resistant native yeast and lipoperoxidation-sensitized yeast. Only complex III activity from lipoperoxidation-sensitive mitochondria exhibited a higher susceptibility to H2O2 and increased superoxide production. The recovery of ETC activity by the thiol reductanct β-mercaptoethanol (BME) was also altered at complex III, and a role was attributed to lipoperoxidation, the latter being also responsible for iron release. A hypothetical model linking lipoperoxidation, increased complex III damage, superoxide production and iron release is given.


Yeast Oxidative stress Lipid peroxidation Thiol oxidation Respiratory chain β-mercaptoethanol Linolenic acid 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Cortés-Rojo
    • 1
  • Mirella Estrada-Villagómez
    • 2
  • Elizabeth Calderón-Cortés
    • 3
  • Mónica Clemente-Guerrero
    • 2
  • Ricardo Mejía-Zepeda
    • 4
  • Istvan Boldogh
    • 5
  • Alfredo Saavedra-Molina
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Médicas y Biológicas “Dr. Ignacio Chávez”Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HidalgoMoreliaMéxico
  2. 2.Instituto de Investigaciones Químico-BiológicasUniversidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HidalgoMoreliaMéxico
  3. 3.Facultad de EnfermeríaUniversidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HidalgoMoreliaMéxico
  4. 4.Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Unidad de BiomedicinaUNAMTlalnepantlaMéxico
  5. 5.School of MedicineUniversity of Texas Medical Branch at GalvestonGalvestonUSA

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