Brief State Rumination Inventory (BSRI): A Standardization Study for Turkish Speaking Populations

  • Ayşe Altan-AtalayEmail author
  • Burcu Kaya Kızılöz
  • İlayda Dönger
  • Dilek Demiray


Rumination, which is a form of repetitive negative thinking, has been suggested as a variable associated with elevated risks for depression. Current research conceptualizes rumination as a dispositional entity but has neglected its more state-based forms, which may also be equally related to emotional disorders. Brief State Rumination Inventory (BSRI) is a psychometrically sound measure of state rumination, demonstrated to be sensitive to situational changes in rumination. The current study aims to examine the psychometric characteristics of the Turkish form of BSRI. Results of the first study replicated the single factor structure of the original version of BSRI in a group of 192 Turkish speaking adults between ages 18 and 65. Moreover, the Turkish version of BSRI yielded satisfactory levels of internal consistency and construct validity indicated by significant associations with measures of repetitive negative thinking, avoidant coping, and psychological distress. Study 2 examined the sensitivity of BSRI to momentary changes in rumination to assess the criterion validity of the Turkish form of BSRI, by examining its sensitivity to a rumination induction procedure in 66 university students (39 women). Together, these results suggest that the Turkish version of BSRI is a psychometrically reliable tool which is appropriate for the assessment of state rumination in Turkish speaking populations.


Brief State Rumination Inventory Reliability Validity 


Compliance with ethical standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Prior to participation in the study, all participants provided informed consent.

Conflict of Interest

Authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest in the publication of this work


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyKoc UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyEastern Mediterranean UniversityFamagustaCyprus
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyYeditepe UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyKoc UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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