The present study examined the factor structure of the Personality Assessment Inventory Antisocial Features scale (PAI-ANT) in a non-forensic sample of 1257 undergraduate students. One to four-factor models were tested using exploratory factor analysis (EFA), with a four-factor solution exhibiting the best fitting model (Bentler 1995). Next examined was the convergent and discriminant validity of the PAI-ANT. Results indicated that the PAI-ANT four-factor model was significantly related to measures of general personality, pride, impulsivity, and attachment. Comparisons between the original three-factor model (as proposed by Morey 2007) and our derived four-factor model showed that both models generally had the expected pattern of relations for their respective factors although mixed findings were found for the sensation seeking and risk-taking scales. Findings for these scales indicated that individuals could crave excitement and also have some positive characteristics. The current findings suggest that the four-factor model of the PAI is the best way to interpret the PAI psychopathy scale, but that some caution is needed in interpreting the sensation seeking and risk-taking scales.
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It should be noted that although the PAI psychopathy model was contemporary in some ways, some also view the factors to not fit well with the Hare (2003) model. Nonetheless, some viewed as an improvement from other multiscale measures that were less centered on personality traits and potentially more focused on antisocial behavior and family problems.
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Sokolowski, K.M., Batky, B.D., Anderson, J.L. et al. The Personality Assessment Inventory-Antisocial Features (Psychopathy) Scale: Model Fit and Convergent and Discriminant Validity. J Psychopathol Behav Assess (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-020-09784-w
- Factor analysis