The Development and Validation of the Short Cyberchondria Scale (SCS)

  • Nataša Jokić-BegićEmail author
  • Una Mikac
  • Doris Čuržik
  • Claire Sangster Jokić


Assessment tools for measuring cyberchondria, a process of increased anxiety over one’s health as a result of excessive online searching, are still in the early stages of development. The goals of the present study were to develop a short cyberchondria scale and to evaluate its structure, reliability and validity among participants from a community sample. The analyses conducted in this study were based on data from three samples (N1 = 540; N2 = 379; N3 = 594) that were recruited online via a snowball method. Participants provided demographic information and completed the Short Cyberchondria Scale (SCS) as well as three comparison measures (Cyberchondria Severity Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index and Health Anxiety Questionnaire) via an online survey tool. Extensive analyses were performed in order to inspect various aspects of the validity of the new SCS scale, including its factor structure, measurement invariance and convergent validity. The findings of the present study suggest that the SCS is a satisfactory instrument for measuring cyberchondria.


Cyberchondria Short Cyberchondria Scale Internet searching Health anxiety Anxiety sensitivity 



This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

Nataša Jokić-Begić declares that she has no conflict of interest. Una Mikac declares that she has no conflict of interest. Doris Čuržik declares that she has no conflict of interest. Claire Sangster-Jokić declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Experiment Participants

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.University of Applied Health StudiesZagrebCroatia

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