Psychopathic Personality Traits in Relation to Self-report Delinquency in Adolescence: Should We Mind About Interaction Effects?
- 223 Downloads
The aim of the present study was to investigate if interaction effects among Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory (YPI) Grandiose-Manipulative (GM), Callous-Unemotional (CU), and Impulsive-Irresponsible (II) may add significant information in predicting self-reports of juvenile delinquent behavior among adolescents. A sample of 558 Italian high school students were administered the YPI and the Self-Reports of Delinquency Scale (SRDS) in order to evaluate interaction effects among YPI GM, CU, and II dimensions. Results showed a significant effect for a three-way interaction among the three YPI dimensions in predicting the SRDS total score, β = .19, p < .01. In conclusion, the findings seem to underline that a three-factor model of psychopathy may help clinicians and researchers in predicting self-reported delinquency better than the individual factors.
KeywordsYPI Psychopathy GM traits CU traits Delinquency Interaction effects
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
Antonella Somma, Henrik Andershed, Serena Borroni, Andrea Fossati and Randy Salekin declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee, and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Andershed, H., Kerr, M., Stattin, H., & Levander, S. (2002). Psychopathic traits in non-referred youths: a new assessment tool. In E. Blau & L. Sheridan (Eds.), Psychopaths: current international perspectives (pp. 131–158). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
- Andershed H. (2010). Stability and change of psychopathic-traits. What do we know? In R. T. Salekin, D. R. Lynam (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy (pp. 233-250). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Douglas, K. S., Vincent, G. M., & Edens, J. F. (2006). Risk for criminal recidivism: the role of psychopathy. In P. J. Christopher (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 533–554). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Elliott, D. S., & Huizinga, D. (1984). The relationship between delinquent behavior and ADM problems. Proceedings of the ADAMHA/OJJDP research conference on juvenile offenders with serious drug, alcohol and mental health problems. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
- Forth, A. E., Kosson, D. S., & Hare, R. D. (2003). The psychopathy checklist: youth version. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
- Fossati, A., Somma, A., Borroni, S., Frera, F., Maffei, C., Andershed, H. (2016). The Factor Structure and Construct Validity of the Short Version of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory in Two Independent Samples of Nonreferred Adolescents. Assessment, 23(6), 683-697. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191115593628
- Hare, R. D. (1991). Manual for the revised psychopathy checklist (1st ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
- Hare, R. D. (2003). The hare psychopathy checklist-revised (2nd ed.). Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.Google Scholar
- Hare, R. D., & Neumann, C. S. (2006). The PCL-R assessment of psychopathy: development, structural properties, and new directions. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 58–88). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- ISTAT (2015). Retrieved from: http://dati.istat.it/Index.aspx?DataSetCode=DCIS_SCUOLESECOND2&Lang=#.
- Kotler, J. S., & McMahon, R. J. (2010). Assessment of child and adolescent psychopathy. Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy, 79–109.Google Scholar
- Kutner, M. H., Nachtsheim, C., & Neter, J. (2004). Applied linear regression models. McGraw-Hill: Irwin.Google Scholar
- Lilienfeld, S. O., & Fowler, K. A. (2006). The self-report assessment of psychopathy: problems, pitfalls, and promises. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (pp. 107–132). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Lynam, D. R. (2011). Psychopathy and narcissism. In W. K. Campbell & J. D. Miller (Eds.), Handbook of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder: Theoretical approaches, empirical findings, and treatments (pp. 272-282). Hoboken, NJ: WileyGoogle Scholar
- Mallows, C. L. (1973). Some comments on Cp. Technometrics, 15, 661–675.Google Scholar
- Nunnally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H. (1994). Psychometric theory (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Orue, I., & Andershed, H. (2015). The youth psychopathic traits inventory-short version in Spanish adolescents—Factor structure, reliability, and relation with aggression, bullying, and cyber bullying. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 37, 563–575. Advanced online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10862-015-9489-7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Oshukova, S., Kaltiala-Heino, R., Miettunen, J., Marttila, R., Tani, P., Aronen, E. T., et al. (2015). Self-reported psychopathic traits among non-referred Finnish adolescents: Psychometric properties of the youth psychopathic traits inventory and the antisocial process screening device. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 9, 15–26.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Patrick, C. J., & Drislane, L. E. (2015). Triarchic model of psychopathy: Origins, operationalizations, and observed linkages with personality and general psychopathology. Journal of Personality, 83, 627-643.Google Scholar
- Salekin, R.T. & Lynam, D. R. (2010). Handbook of Child and Adolescent Psychopathy. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Salekin, R. T., Andershed, H., & Clark, A. P. (2018). Psychopathy in children and adolescents: assessment and critical questions regarding conceptualization. In C. J. Patrick (Ed.), Handbook of psychopathy (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
- Schwarz, G. (1978). Estimating the dimension of a model. The Annals of Statistics, 6, 461-464.Google Scholar
- Somma, A., Fossati, A., Patrick, C., Maffei, C., & Borroni, S. (2014). The three-factor structure of the Levenson self-report psychopathy scale: fool's gold or true gold? A study in a sample of Italian adult non-clinical participants. Personality and Mental Health, 8, 337–347.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Somma, A., Borroni, S., Drislane, L.E., Fossati, A. (2016). Assessing the triarchic model of psychopathy in adolescence: Reliability and validity of the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM) in three samples of Italian community-dwelling adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 28(4), e36-e48.Google Scholar
- van Baardewijk, Y., Andershed, H., Stegge, H., Nilsson, K. W., Scholte, E., & Vermeiren, R. (2010). Development and tests of short versions of the youth psychopathic traits inventory and the youth psychopathic traits inventory-child version. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 26, 122–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- van Baardewijk, Y., Vermeiren, R., Stegge, H., & Doreleijers, T. (2011). Self-reported psychopathic traits in children: their stability and concurrent and prospective association with conduct problems and aggression. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 33, 236–245.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Vargha, A., & Delaney, H. D. (2000). A critique and improvement of the CL common language effect size statistics of McGraw and Wong. Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 25, 101–132.Google Scholar
- Verona, E., Sadeh, N., & Javdani, S. (2010). The influences of gender and culture on child and adolescent psychopathy. In R. T. Salekin, D. R. Lynam (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent psychopathy (pp. 317-342). New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Zwaanswijk, W., Veen, V. C., & Vedder, P. (2016). The youth psychopathic traits inventory a bifactor model, dimensionality, and measurement invariance. Assessment. Advanced online pubblication. 1073191116632340.Google Scholar