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Psychopathic Traits in Adolescence: the Importance of Examining Components in Face Processing, Voice Processing, and Emotional Skill

  • Christopher T. A. Gillen
  • Zina Lee
  • Karen L. Salekin
  • Anne-Marie R. Iselin
  • Natalie A. Harrison
  • Abby P. Clark
  • Olivier F. Colins
  • Randall T. Salekin
Article

Abstract

This study examined relations among interpersonal, affective, and impulsive-irresponsible psychopathic traits, emotional capacities, and recidivism rates in 144 detained adolescents. Emotional skill was conceptualized using a range of constructs, including face and voice processing, emotional intelligence, and self-reported cognitive and affective empathy. In addition, the relation between these concepts and recidivism three years after the initial assessment was examined. Results indicated that interpersonal traits were positively associated with better facial identification of fearful faces, whereas affective traits were associated with worse facial identification of sad and happy faces as well as angry voices. Impulsive-irresponsible traits were associated with reduced emotional intelligence. Differential predictive utility of the three psychopathic traits dimensions was also evidenced. Findings highlight the need to consider the broad concept of psychopathy, but also its underlying dimensions.

Keywords

Adolescents Callous-unemotional Psychopathy Emotional intelligence Empathy, recidivism 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Christopher T. A. Gillen, Zina Lee, Karen L. Salekin, Anne-Marie R. Iselin, Natalie A. Harrison, Abby P. Clark, Olivier F. Colins, and Randall T. Salekin declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Experiment Participants

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher T. A. Gillen
    • 1
  • Zina Lee
    • 2
  • Karen L. Salekin
    • 3
  • Anne-Marie R. Iselin
    • 4
  • Natalie A. Harrison
    • 3
  • Abby P. Clark
    • 3
  • Olivier F. Colins
    • 5
    • 6
  • Randall T. Salekin
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA
  2. 2.School of Criminology and Criminal JusticeUniversity of the Fraser ValleyAbbotsfordCanada
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyThe University of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyThe University of North Carolina WilmingtonWilmingtonUSA
  5. 5.Department of Child and Adolescent PsychiatryLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenNetherlands
  6. 6.Örebro UniversityÖrebroSweden

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