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The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale Short Form (DERS-SF): Validation and Replication in Adolescent and Adult Samples

  • Erin A. Kaufman
  • Mengya Xia
  • Gregory Fosco
  • Mona Yaptangco
  • Chloe R. Skidmore
  • Sheila E. CrowellEmail author
Article

Abstract

Emotion dysregulation often emerges early in development and is a core feature of many psychological conditions. The Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) is a well validated and widely used self-report measure for assessing emotion regulation problems among adolescents and adults. The DERS has six subscales with five to eight items each (36 total), suggesting multiple questions may assess similar underlying constructs. In an effort to reduce respondent burden and streamline this widely-used instrument, we created a short-form version of the DERS (DERS-SF) using confirmatory factor analysis on data from three adolescent (n = 257) and two adult samples (n = 797). Scores on the DERS-SF yielded similar correlation patterns relative to the full measure, ranging from .90 to .98 and reflecting 81–96 % shared variance. This instrument maintains the excellent psychometric properties and retains the total and subscale scores of the original measure with half the items.

Keywords

Emotion regulation Assessment Factor analysis Short-form Validation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to acknowledge the research participants, and the following collaborators: Daniel Bride, Clairece Schelfler, Julia Chandler, Lora Manriques, and Erik Hanson.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

Erin A. Kaufman, Mengya Xia, Gregory Fosco, Mona Yaptangco, Chloe R. Skidmore and Sheila E. Crowell declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Experiment Participants

All procedures described in the manuscript were carried out in accordance with APA ethical standards.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA
  2. 2.Human Development and Family StudiesThe Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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