The Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version in Spanish Adolescents—Factor Structure, Reliability, and Relation with Aggression, Bullying, and Cyber Bullying

  • Izaskun Orue
  • Henrik Andershed


The main aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish adaptation of the Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory-Short Version (YPI-S) which assesses the interpersonal, affective and behavioral dimensions of psychopathy. The factor structure, reliability of the scale and subscales and their relationships with proactive and reactive aggression, bullying and cyberbullying were evaluated. A total of 993 adolescents (58.9 % girls) between the ages of 14 and 18 completed the YPI-S along with the aggression measures. The internal consistency of the total and the three subscales was good. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three factor structure which was invariant for boys and girls. At a correlational level the three factors were related to all aggressive measures, however different patterns emerged in regression analyses. Finally, a triple interaction between the three factors was the best predictor of proactive aggression. In conclusion, the results of this study show that the Spanish YPI-S is a reliable, valid, and time effective instrument to assess psychopathic traits.


Psychopathic traits Adolescents Aggression Bullying Cyberbullying 


Conflict of Interest

Izaskun Orue and Henrik Andershed declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Experiment Participants

All procedures performed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the Ethics Comitee of the University of Deusto and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Personality, Evaluation and InterventionUniversity of DeustoBilbaoSpain
  2. 2.School of Law, Psychology, and Social WorkÖrebro UniversityÖrebroSweden

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