Hope as a Moderator of the Associations Between Common Risk Factors and Frequency of Substance Use Among Latino Adolescents

  • Paula J. Fite
  • Joy Gabrielli
  • John L. Cooley
  • Sarah M. Haas
  • Andrew Frazer
  • Sonia L. Rubens
  • Michelle Johnson-Motoyama
Article

Abstract

Ample research suggests that delinquency, depressive symptoms, and peer substance use are common risk factors associated with adolescent substance use. However, the factors that may help to buffer the deleterious effects of these risk factors on adolescent substance use, such as hope, have yet to be examined. The current study evaluated hope as a moderator of the associations between these common risk factors and frequency of substance use (alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana) in a sample of Latino high school students (Mage = 16.14 years, SD = 1.30; 55 % female). Findings indicated that the influence of delinquency on frequency of tobacco and marijuana use depended on levels of hope, with delinquency only positively associated with frequency of use when levels of hope were low. Additionally, hope moderated the association between depressive symptoms and alcohol use, such that depressive symptoms were only positively associated with frequency of alcohol use when levels of hope were low. Results and their implications for intervention are reviewed.

Keywords

Adolescent substance use Hope Depressive symptoms Delinquency Peer use 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paula J. Fite
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joy Gabrielli
    • 1
  • John L. Cooley
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sarah M. Haas
    • 3
  • Andrew Frazer
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sonia L. Rubens
    • 1
  • Michelle Johnson-Motoyama
    • 4
  1. 1.Clinical Child Psychology ProgramUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA
  2. 2.Consortium for Translational Research on Aggression and Drug Abuse (ConTRADA)LawrenceUSA
  3. 3.State University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA
  4. 4.School of Social WelfareUniversity of KansasLawrenceUSA

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