Parenting Practices and Prospective Levels of Hyperactivity/Inattention Across Early- and Middle-Childhood

  • David J. Hawes
  • Mark R. Dadds
  • Aaron D. J. Frost
  • Alex Russell


This study examined specific parenting practices as predictors of prospective levels of children’s hyperactivity/inattention across early- and middle-childhood. Participants were a mixed-sex community cohort (N = 976; 52 % boys) aged 4–10 years (M = 6.5, SD = 1.3). Measures of parenting practices, hyperactivity/inattention, conduct problems, and maternal education were collected at baseline, and hyperactivity/inattention re-assessed at 12-month follow-up. Analyses examined predictors of 12-month hyperactivity/inattention while controlling for levels at baseline. High levels of parental involvement were associated with reduced levels of hyperactivity/inattention, but only across early childhood. Conversely, increases in child age were associated with increased levels of hyperactivity/inattention across middle-childhood, but only among children exposed to high levels of inconsistent discipline. Inconsistent discipline and parental involvement appear to be uniquely associated with prospective hyperactivity/inattention across childhood, independent of associated conduct problems. Our results further suggest some developmental specificity with regard to the effects of these distinct dimensions of parenting on hyperactivity/inattention at different points in childhood.


Hyperactivity Inattention ADHD Parenting Practices ODD 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Hawes
    • 1
    • 4
  • Mark R. Dadds
    • 2
  • Aaron D. J. Frost
    • 3
  • Alex Russell
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of SydneySydneyAustralia
  2. 2.The University of New South WalesSydneyAustralia
  3. 3.The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.School of PsychologyUniversity of SydneySydneyAustralia

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