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Adolescent Psychopathy and the Five Factor Model: Domain and Facet Analysis

  • Randall T. Salekin
  • Sara A. Debus
  • Edward D. Barker
Article

Abstract

Given the consideration of callousness as a specifier for Conduct Disorder in the DSM-V, it seems imperative that researchers continue to investigate this personality style in adolescents to determine both its applicability and utility. The present study examined the Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI; Andershed et al. 2002) and the Interpersonal Adjective Scale Revised-Big 5 (IASR-B5; Trapnell and Wiggins 1990a, b) psychopathy scales in relation to the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. Using a sample of adolescent offenders (N = 145), the YPI and IASR-B5 psychopathy scales showed adequate reliability and strong inverse bivariate relations with the FFM domains of Agreeableness (−A) and Conscientiousness (−C). Multivariate analyses, at the facet level, revealed that Tendermindedness (−A) and Assertiveness (+E) explained the association between FFM facets and the YPI, whereas Altruism (−A), Modesty (−A), Straightforwardness (−A), Assertiveness (+E), Warmth (−E), and Deliberation (+C) all uniquely contributed to the IASR-B5 psychopathy scale. Both measures were linked with general and violent recidivism. The authors discuss the implications of these findings in terms of the use of personality to help describe conduct problem youth and the need for future research in this important area.

Keywords

Psychopathy Adolescence Personality Recidivism Longitudinal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Courey Averett, Haley Ford, Ross D. Grimes, Franz A. Kubak, Christie Ledbetter, Zina Lee, and Jessica Morgan for their participation in creating facet scales. We would also like to thank Thomas A. Widiger for providing expert prototypical ratings of the individual IASR-B5 items for their relevance to the facets of the Five Factor model.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randall T. Salekin
    • 1
  • Sara A. Debus
    • 2
  • Edward D. Barker
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Psychology, Disruptive Behavior Clinic, Center for the Prevention of Youth Behavior ProblemsUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA
  2. 2.Urban InstituteWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, Center for the Prevention of Youth Behavior ProblemsUniversity of AlabamaTuscaloosaUSA

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