A Validation Study of the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ)

  • Tilmann von Soest
  • Svein Mossige
  • Kari Stefansen
  • Odin Hjemdal


In this study, the validity of the recently developed 28-item Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) was examined. Survey data from a representative sample of 6,723 Norwegian senior high school students between 18 and 20 years of age were used for this purpose. Validity and reliability were investigated by means of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, correlations with other relevant variables, and internal consistency measures. The results supported the construct and convergent validity of the five factors of a modified 23-item version of the scale, which also yielded acceptable psychometric properties. The paper concludes that the modified READ is a valid measure assessing relevant resilience factors with relatively few items, thereby serving as a valuable tool in resilience and risk-factor research.


Resilience Scale Vulnerability Confirmatory factor analysis Validity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tilmann von Soest
    • 1
  • Svein Mossige
    • 1
  • Kari Stefansen
    • 1
  • Odin Hjemdal
    • 2
  1. 1.Norwegian Social ResearchOsloNorway
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyFaculty of Social Sciences and Technology Management, Norwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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