Development and Preliminary Evaluation of the Bedtime Routines Questionnaire

  • Jill A. Henderson
  • Sara Sytsma JordanEmail author


In the past, child bedtime routines have been examined through observation or sleep diaries. These methods are often expensive and hinder study comparisons due to lack of consistent operational definitions of routines. This article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of the Bedtime Routines Questionnaire (BRQ), a 31-item paper-and-pencil, parent-report measure of children’s bedtime routines. The BRQ and related measures were completed by 226 caregivers of children ages 2 to 8. The BRQ demonstrated a solid factor structure, adequate internal consistency, and fair validity coefficients. Overall, promising results for the BRQ are reported.


Bedtime Routines Sleep Children Assessment 



Portions of this study were originally conducted by the first author as a Master’s Thesis, in partial fulfillment of requirements for a doctoral degree in Clinical Psychology. The authors wish to thank Randolph C. Arnau, Ph.D. and John Harsh, Ph.D. for their helpful comments on earlier drafts of this paper. Further information regarding the development and scoring of the BRQ is available upon request.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyThe University of Southern MississippiHattiesburgUSA

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