Advertisement

The Relationship Between Childhood Teasing and Later Interpersonal Functioning

  • Deborah Roth LedleyEmail author
  • Eric A. Storch
  • Meredith E. Coles
  • Richard G. Heimberg
  • Jason Moser
  • Erica A. Bravata
Article

Abstract

The current study explored the relationship between recall of a form of bullying, specifically childhood teasing, and later interpersonal functioning in a sample of 414 college students. It was predicted that memories of frequent teasing during childhood would be associated with fewer close friends, a more anxious attachment style in the context of romantic relationships, and lower social self-esteem in early adulthood. Although recalled-teasing was not associated with number of friends later in life, it was related to other interpersonal difficulties. Specifically, frequent teasing was associated with less comfort with intimacy and closeness, less comfort in trusting and depending on others, a greater degree of worry about being unloved or abandoned in relationships, and poorer social self-esteem. The relationship of these difficulties to specific domains of teasing was also explored.

Key words

peer victimization teasing relationships attachment self-esteem 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Asher, S. R., Rose, A. J., & Gabriel, S. W. (2001). Peer rejection in everyday life. In M. R. Leary (Ed.), Interpersonal rejection (pp. 105–142). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Callaghan, S., & Joseph, S. (1995). Self-concept and peer victimization among schoolchildren. Personality and Individual Differences, 18, 161–163.Google Scholar
  3. Cohen, J. (1977). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Collins, N. L. (1996). Working models of attachment: Implications for explanation, emotion, and behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 810–832.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Collins, N. L., & Read, S. J. (1990). Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 644–663.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Craig, W. M. (1998). The relationship among bullying, victimization, depression, anxiety, and aggression in elementary school children. Personality and Individual Differences, 24, 123–130.Google Scholar
  7. Gibb, B. E., Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., & Marx, B. P. (2003). Childhood maltreatment and maltreatment-specific inferences: A test of Rose and Abramson’s (1992) extension of the hopeless theory. Cognition and Emotion, 17, 917–931.Google Scholar
  8. Griffin, R. S., & Gross, A. M. (2004). Childhood bullying: Current empirical findings and future directions for research. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 9, 379–400.Google Scholar
  9. Janis, I. L., & Field, P. B. (1959). A behavioral assessment of persuasibility: Consistency of individual differences. In C. I. Hovland & I. L. Janis (Eds.), Personality and persuasibility (pp. 29–54). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Kowalski, R. (2000). ‘I was only kidding’: Victim and perpetrators’ perceptions of teasing. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 26, 231–241.Google Scholar
  11. Lochman, J. E., & Dodge, K. A. (1994). Social-cognitive processes of severly violent, moderately aggressive, and nonaggressive boys. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 62(2), 366–374.Google Scholar
  12. Masia, C. L., Storch, E. A., Dent, H., Adams, P., Verdeli, H., Davies, M., et al. (2003). Recall of childhood psychopathology: Over ten years later. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 6–12.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. McCabe, R. E., Antony, M. M., Summerfeldt, L. J., Liss, A., & Swinson, R. P. (2003). Preliminary examination of the relationship between anxiety disorders in adults and self-reported history of teasing or bullying experiences. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 32, 187–193.Google Scholar
  14. Meng, X., Rosenthal, R., & Rubin, D. B. (1992). Comparing correlated coefficients. Psychological Bulletin, 111, 172–175.Google Scholar
  15. Neary, A., & Joseph, S. (1994). Peer victimization and its relationship to self-concept and depression among schoolgirls. Personality and Individual Differences, 16, 183–186.Google Scholar
  16. Offer, D., Kaiz, M., Howard, K. I., & Bennett, E. S. (2000). The altering of reported experiences. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 735–742.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Olweus, D. (1993). Bullying at school: What we know and what we can do. Oxford, England: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  18. Pliner, P., Chaiken, S., & Flett, G. L. (1990). Gender differences in concern with body weight and physical appearance over the life span. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, 263–273.Google Scholar
  19. Rose, D. T., & Abramson, L. Y. (1992). Developmental predictors of depressive cognitive style: Research and theory. In D. Chicetti & S. Toth (Eds.), Rochester symposium of developmental psychopathology (Vol. IV, pp. 323–349). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.Google Scholar
  20. Roth, D., Coles, M., & Heimberg, R. G. (2002). The relationship between memories for childhood teasing and anxiety and depression in adulthood. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 16, 151–166.Google Scholar
  21. Roth, D. A., Scott, E. L., & Heimberg, R. G. (2004). The nature of friendships in socially anxious college students. Unpublished manuscript.Google Scholar
  22. Storch, E. A., Masia-Warner, C., & Brassard, M. R. (2003). The relationship of peer victimization to social anxiety and loneliness in adolescence. Child Study Journal, 33, 1–18.Google Scholar
  23. Storch, E. A., Nock, M. K., Masia-Warner, C., & Barlas, M. E. (2003). Peer victimization and social-psychological adjustment in Hispanic-American and African-American children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 12, 439–452.Google Scholar
  24. Storch, E. A., Roth, D. A., Coles, M. E., Heimberg, R. G., Bravata, E. A., & Moser, J. (2004). The measurement and impact of childhood teasing in a sample of young adults. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 18, 681–694.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Storch, E. A., Zelman, E., Sweeney, M., Danner, G., & Dove, S. (2002). Overt and relational victimization and psychosocial adjustment in minority preadolescents. Child Study Journal, 32, 73–80.Google Scholar
  26. Strawser, M. S., Storch, E. A., & Roberti, J. W. (in press). The Teasing Questionnaire—Revised: Measurement of childhood teasing in adults. Journal of Anxiety Disorders.Google Scholar
  27. Walter, K. S., & Inderbitzen, H. M. (1998). Social anxiety and peer relations among adolescents: Testing a psychobiological model. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 12, 183–198.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah Roth Ledley
    • 1
    • 6
    Email author
  • Eric A. Storch
    • 2
  • Meredith E. Coles
    • 3
  • Richard G. Heimberg
    • 4
  • Jason Moser
    • 5
  • Erica A. Bravata
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for the Treatment and Study of AnxietyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia
  2. 2.Departments of Pediatrics and PsychiatryUniversity of FloridaGainesville
  3. 3.Binghamton UniversityBinghamton
  4. 4.Adult Anxiety Clinic of Temple UniversityPhiladelphia
  5. 5.University of DelawareNewark
  6. 6.Treatment and Study of AnxietyUniversity of Pennsylvania School of MedicinePhiladelphia

Personalised recommendations