BioMagResBank (BMRB) as a partner in the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB): new policies affecting biomolecular NMR depositions
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We describe the role of the BioMagResBank (BMRB) within the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB) and recent policies affecting the deposition of biomolecular NMR data. All PDB depositions of structures based on NMR data must now be accompanied by experimental restraints. A scheme has been devised that allows depositors to specify a representative structure and to define residues within that structure found experimentally to be largely unstructured. The BMRB now accepts coordinate sets representing three-dimensional structural models based on experimental NMR data of molecules of biological interest that fall outside the guidelines of the Protein Data Bank (i.e., the molecule is a peptide with 23 or fewer residues, a polynucleotide with 3 or fewer residues, a polysaccharide with 3 or fewer sugar residues, or a natural product), provided that the coordinates are accompanied by representation of the covalent structure of the molecule (atom connectivity), assigned NMR chemical shifts, and the structural restraints used in generating model. The BMRB now contains an archive of NMR data for metabolites and other small molecules found in biological systems.
KeywordsArchived NMR data Metabolomics NMR structure Structural restraints Unstructured regions
Organization. The BioMagResBank (BMRB, http://www.bmrb.wisc.edu/), the repository for experimental and derived data gathered from NMR spectroscopic studies of biological molecules (Ulrich et al. 2008), has been a member of the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB, http://www.wwpdb.org/) since 2006 (Berman et al. 2003). Other wwPDB partners include the Research Collaboratory for Structural Biology (RCSB PDB, http://www.pdb.org/), the Protein Data Bank Japan (PDBj, http://www.pdbj.org/), and the Macromolecular Structure Database at the European Bioinformatics Institute (MSD EBI, http://www.ebi.ac.uk/msd/). These four groups work closely together with the goal of maintaining a single Protein Data Bank archive of macromolecular structural data that is freely and publicly available to the global community.
The wwPDB Advisory Committee (wwPDBAC), which provides oversight and advice, meets yearly and currently is chaired by Stephen K. Burley. This committee consists of the leaders of the four sites plus two scientists nominated by each of the four partner sites. Additional ex officio members include scientists representing various stakeholder communities (e.g., International Union of Crystallography, International Council on Magnetic Resonance in Biological Systems, electron microscopy, structural genomics) and representatives of the international funding agencies that support the wwPDB member sites.
On matters pertaining to NMR spectroscopy, the wwPDB is advised by members of the wwPDB NMR Task Force (NMR TF), which is chaired by Robert Kaptein (a wwPDBAC member). Historically, members of this TF have been nominated by the wwPDB leadership. Additional interested persons are welcome to join and participate. The wwPDB NMR TF meets periodically (usually more than once each year) at international NMR conferences.
Data remediation. Together with other wwPDB partners, the BMRB participated in the recently completed remediation of the full PDB archive (Henrick et al. 2008). Among the changes was adoption of uniform atom nomenclature in accordance with longstanding IUPAC recommendations (Markley et al. 1998). BMRB’s major contribution to the remediation was to parse and organize restraints for NMR structures into the NMR Restraints Grid (http://tang.bmrb.wisc.edu:8080/WebModule/MRGridServlet) (Doreleijers et al. 2005).
The wwPDB shall require deposition of structure factor amplitudes/intensities (for crystal structure depositions) and/or NMR restraints (for NMR structure depositions) in addition to atomic coordinates as a prerequisite for receiving a PDB ID.
The wwPDB leadership shall inform the relevant journals of this new policy, and will suggest that Instructions to the Authors read as follows:
“For papers describing structures of biological macromolecules, atomic coordinates and the associated experimental data (structure factor amplitudes/intensities and/or NMR restraints) must be deposited at a member site of the Worldwide Protein Data Bank (www.wwpdb.org): RCSB PDB (www.pdb.org), MSD-EBI (www.ebi.ac.uk/msd), PDBj (www.pdbj.org), or BMRB (www.bmrb.wisc.edu). The PDB ID should be included in the manuscript. Authors must agree to release the atomic coordinates and deposited experimental data when the associated article is published. Questions relating to depositions should be sent to email@example.com.”
Chemical shift depositions remain optional. These bodies also considered a proposal by members of the community that NMR structure depositions be accompanied by a BMRB deposition of assigned chemical shifts. Although it was decided that this requirement should not be made mandatory at present, the wwPDB NMR TF strongly recommend that these valuable data be deposited.
Small molecule NMR structures. At its 2006 meeting, the wwPDBAC discussed the question of small molecule NMR structures that do not comply with PDB guidelines. X-ray structures of such compounds are commonly deposited in the Cambridge Structural Database (CSD, http://www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/products/csd/), but no such archive is available for NMR structures. Subsequently, the wwPDBAC approached BMRB with a request that it consider supporting this effort. BMRB developed the following proposal, which was brought before its External Advisory Board in May 2007.
The molecule falls outside the guidelines of the Protein Data Bank (i.e., the molecule is a peptide with 23 or fewer residues, a polynucleotide with 3 or fewer residues, a polysaccharide with 3 or fewer sugar residues, or a natural product)
The molecule is of biological interest
The structural model(s) are based on experimental NMR data
- 4.The coordinates are accompanied by:
A representation of the covalent structure of the molecule (atom connectivity)
Assigned NMR chemical shifts for the molecule
Structural restraints used in generating the structural model
For depositions meeting these criteria, BMRB encourages that authors submit their primary (time-domain) data, tables of NOEs, and other relevant information
This policy was announced at the most recent meetings of the wwPDBAC and wwPDB NMR TF.
Small molecule NMR structures meeting the above criteria can be deposited at the SMSDep website developed by BMRB and PDBj-BMRB (http://smsdep.bmrb.wisc.edu/bmrb-adit/). With small molecule structure depositions, the BMRB accession code serves to identify the structure as well as the supporting NMR data (questions about small molecule NMR structure depositions should be addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org).
To separately specify the single structural model chosen by the authors to best represent the solution structure and to describe how it was derived.
To describe uncertainty in the structural model (on a per-residue basis) and to denote residues found experimentally to be largely unstructured.
To describe uncertainty in the structural model (on a per-atom basis) both qualitatively and quantitatively depending on the available data.
A detailed draft was refined by RCSB PDB and circulated to the wwPDB NMR TF. These specifications make it possible for an author to clearly define those regions that are experimentally determined to be structured and those that are not. This information will be available in the mmCIF version of the PDB entry and can be used by software developers in displaying structures.
Metabolomics data at BMRB. In collaboration with the Madison Metabolomics Consortium and the Human Metabolome Database (HMDB, http://www.hmdb.ca/), BMRB has developed an archive of NMR data for metabolites and other small molecules found in biological systems (Ulrich et al. 2008). A metabolomics deposition tool under construction at BMRB will enable others to submit data to add to this collection. Compounds are cross-referenced to PDB ligands, and the spectral information should be of interest to scientists studying macromolecule:ligand complexes. The site is mirrored by PDBj and CERM in Florence, Italy.
This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.
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