Biomechanical properties of hybrid heart valve prosthesis utilizing the pigs that do not express the galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) antigen derived tissue and tissue engineering technique
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The aim of the study was to estimate the biomechanical properties of heart valves conduit derived from transgenic pigs to determine the usefulness for the preparation of tissue-engineered heart valves. The acellular aortic and pulmonary valve conduits from transgenic pigs were used to estimate the biomechanical properties of the valve. Non-transgenic porcine heart valve conduits were used as a reference. The biomechanics stability of acellular valve conduits decreased both for the transgenic and non-transgenic porcine valves. The energy required to break the native pulmonary valve derived from transgenic pigs was higher (20,475 ± 7,600 J m−2) compared with native non-transgenic pigs (12,140 ± 5,370 J m−2). After acellularization, the energy to break the valves decreased to 14,600 and 8,800 J m−2 for the transgenic pulmonary valve and non-transgenic valve, respectively. The native transgenic pulmonary valve showed a higher extensibility (42.70 %) than the non-transgenic pulmonary valve (35.50 %); the extensibility decreased after acellularization to 41.1 and 31.5 % for the transgenic and non-transgenic valves, respectively. The pulmonary valves derived from transgenic pigs demonstrate better biomechanical properties compared with non-transgenic. Heart valves derived from transgenic pigs can be valuable for the preparation of tissue-engineered bioprostheses, because of their biomechanical properties, stability, reduced immune response, making them safer for clinical applications.
KeywordsHeart Valve Biomechanical Property Pulmonary Valve Porcine Tissue Heart Valve Prosthesis
This work was supported by Grant Applied Research Programme of the National Centre for Research and Development NR 13 0075 06.
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