Evaluation of new bone formation in irradiated areas using association of mesenchymal stem cells and total fresh bone marrow mixed with calcium phosphate scaffold
The consequences of the treatment of the squamous cell carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract (bone removal and external radiation therapy) are constant. Tissue engineering using biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) is considered as a promising alternative. We previously demonstrated the efficacy of BCP and total fresh bone marrow (TBM) in regenerating irradiated bone defect. The aim of this study was to know if adding MSC to BCP + TBM mixture could improve the bone formation in irradiated bone defects. Twenty-four Lewis 1A rats received a single dose of 20 Gy to the hind limbs. MSC were sampled from non-irradiated donors and amplified in proliferative, and a part in osteogenic, medium. 3 weeks after, defects were created on femurs and tibias, which were filled with BCP alone, BCP + TBM, BCP + TBM + uncommitted MSC, or BCP + TBM + committed MSC. 3 weeks after, samples were removed and prepared for qualitative and quantitative analysis. The rate of bone ingrowth was significantly higher after implantation of BCP + TBM mixture. The adding of a high concentration of MSC, committed or not, didn’t improve the bone regeneration. The association BCP + TBM remains the most efficient material for bone substitution in irradiated areas.
KeywordsBone Formation Mesenchymal Stem Cell Bone Defect Osteogenic Differentiation Bone Ingrowth
This work was supported by Grants from “La Ligue Contre Le Cancer” foundation, committees “Pays de La Loire” and “Côtes d’Armor”. We thank Biomatlante (Vigneux de Bretagne, France) for supplying materials. We thank Doctor Marion Eveillard for the bone marrow myelographic analysis.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no industrial conflict of interest.
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